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  • Influence
A study in phonetic symbolism.
The symbolism of language is, or may be, twofold. By far the greater portion of its recognized content and structure is symbolic in a purely referential sense; in other words, the meaningfulExpand
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Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech
Language and literature Index.Preface 1. Introductory: language defined 2. The elements of speech 3. The sounds of language 4. Form in language: grammatical processes 6. Types of linguistic structure 7. Language as a historical product . Expand
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The status of linguistics as a science
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Grading, A Study in Semantics
  • E. Sapir
  • Mathematics
  • Philosophy of Science
  • 1 April 1944
The first thing to realize about grading as a psychological process is that it precedes measurement and counting. Judgments of the type "A is larger than B" or "This can contains less milk than that"Expand
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The grammarian and his language
THE normal man of intelligence has something of a contempt for linguistic studies, convinced as he is that nothing can well be more useless. Such minor usefulness as he concedes to them is of aExpand
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Culture, Genuine and Spurious
  • E. Sapir
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1 January 1924
Varying definitions of culture. The ethnologist's or culture-historian's use of the term. Individual culture as a traditional ideal. The general spirit of the "genius" of a national civilization;Expand
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THE problem attacked in this paper is that of the genetic relationship of Athabaskan, Haida, and Tlingit. Important morphological, to a less extent also lexical, resemblances between Haida andExpand
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The Phonology and Morphology of the Navajo Language
A flasher circuit is disclosed for use with a conventional automotive turn signal system and may be substituted for the hot-wire flasher. Expand
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Speech as a Personality Trait
  • E. Sapir
  • Psychology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1 May 1927
Speech in intuitively interpreted by normal human beings as an index of personal expression. Its actual analysis, however, from this standpoint is difficult. Several distinct strands may be detectedExpand
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