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Emergence and spread of vancomycin resistance among enterococci in Europe
TLDR
Several factors are known to promote VRE colonisation and transmission; however, despite having populations with similar predispositions and preconditions, rates of VRE vary all over Europe.
Insight into antimicrobial susceptibility and population structure of contemporary human Enterococcus faecalis isolates from Europe.
TLDR
Genotyping revealed that nosocomial infections by multiresistant E. faecalis in Europe remains susceptible to ampicillin and glycopeptides, but the high prevalence of strains that are highly resistant to aminoglycosides excludes these antibiotics from combination therapies.
Emergence and spread of vancomycin resistance among enterococci in Europe.
TLDR
Several factors are known to promote VRE colonisation and transmission; however, despite having populations with similar predispositions and preconditions, rates of VRE vary all over Europe.
Molecular Survey of β-Lactamases Conferring Resistance to Newer β-Lactams in Enterobacteriaceae Isolates from Polish Hospitals
TLDR
The survey documented both specific and more global characteristics of the epidemiology of the β-lactamase-mediated resistance in enterobacteria from Polish hospitals and demonstrated that the ESBL frequency has reached an alarming level.
A rapid increase in macrolide resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes isolated in Poland during 1996-2002.
TLDR
A significant increase in erythromycin resistance was observed among clinical S. pyogenes collected in Poland over a 7 year period driven by the spread of two epidemic clones.
Characteristics of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis Isolated from the Nasopharynges of Asymptomatic Children and Molecular Analysis of S. pneumoniae and H.
TLDR
Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis in 226 children in different settings during two seasons was studied; long-term colonization by a single strain was rare.
Two Different Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases (ESBLs) in One of the First ESBL-Producing Salmonella Isolates in Poland
TLDR
Two extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing salmonella isolates, Salmonellaenterica serovar Enteritidis and SalmonelloentericaSerovar Typhimurium, were analyzed and it was found that the two ESBL genes had been acquired independently by the strain.
Population structure, virulence factors and resistance determinants of invasive, non-invasive and colonizing Streptococcus agalactiae in Poland.
TLDR
Analysis of bacterial serotypes, alp genes and antimicrobial resistance determinants in the background of MLST-based population structure strengthened evidence of the importance of horizontal gene transfer in GBS evolution.
Group A Streptococci from Invasive-Disease Episodes in Poland Are Remarkably Divergent at the Molecular Level
TLDR
The emm1 type and the presence of speA2 gene were associated with the severity of GAS infections and this work presents the first molecular study on Polish invasive GAS isolates.
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