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Reproducibility and validity of an expanded self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire among male health professionals.
TLDR
The authors assessed the reproducibility and validity of an expanded 131-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire used in a prospective study among 51,529 men and found that it provides a useful measure of intake for many nutrients over a one-year period. Expand
Alternative dietary indices both strongly predict risk of chronic disease.
TLDR
The findings suggest that closer adherence to the 2005 Dietary Guidelines may lower risk of major chronic disease, however, the AHEI-2010, which included additional dietary information, was more strongly associated with chronic disease risk, particularly CHD and diabetes. Expand
Dietary Fiber, Glycemic Load, and Risk of NIDDM in Men
TLDR
Findings support the hypothesis that diets with a high glycemic load and a low cereal fiber content increase risk of NIDDM in men and suggest that grains should be consumed in a minimally refined form to reduce the incidence of N IDDM. Expand
Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits.
TLDR
For major health outcomes among adults, the benefits of fish intake exceed the potential risks, and for women of childbearing age, benefits of modest fish intake, excepting a few selected species, also outweigh risks. Expand
Obesity, Fat Distribution, and Weight Gain as Risk Factors for Clinical Diabetes in Men
TLDR
Although early obesity, absolute weight gain throughout adulthood, and waist circumference were good predictors of diabetes, attained BMI was the dominant risk factor for NIDDM; even men of average relative weight had significantly elevated RRs. Expand
Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men.
TLDR
Specific dietary and lifestyle factors are independently associated with long-term weight gain, with a substantial aggregate effect and implications for strategies to prevent obesity. Expand
Diet quality and major chronic disease risk in men and women: moving toward improved dietary guidance.
TLDR
The AHEI predicted chronic disease risk better than did the RFS (or the HEI, in previous research) primarily because of a strong inverse association with CVD. Expand
Moderate alcohol intake and lower risk of coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of effects on lipids and haemostatic factors
TLDR
Alcohol intake is causally related to lower risk of coronary heart disease through changes in lipids and haemostatic factors as well as observational studies providing strong evidence that moderate alcohol intake lowers risk of heart disease. Expand
Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in men.
TLDR
It is suggested that major dietary patterns derived from a food-frequency questionnaire predict risk of CHD, independent of other lifestyle variables. Expand
Impact of overweight on the risk of developing common chronic diseases during a 10-year period.
TLDR
The dose-response relationship between BMI and the risk of developing chronic diseases was evident even among adults in the upper half of the healthy weight range, suggesting that adults should try to maintain a BMI between 18.5 and 21.9 to minimize their risk of disease. Expand
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