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Variations in Tropical Sea Surface Temperature and Surface Wind Fields Associated with the Southern Oscillation/El Niño
Abstract Surface marine observations, satellite data, and station observations of surface pressure and precipitation are used to describe the evolution of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies,Expand
The Relationship Between Eastern Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperatures and Rainfall over India and Sri Lanka
Abstract Monsoon season (June–September) precipitation data from 31 Indian subdivisions and mean monthly precipitation data from 35 Indian and Sri Lanka stations, spanning the period 1875–79, wereExpand
On the structure and evolution of ENSO‐related climate variability in the tropical Pacific: Lessons from TOGA
Improved observations in the tropical Pacific during the Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere (TOGA) program have served to corroborate preexisting notions concerning the seasonally dependentExpand
The biennial component of ENSO variability
Abstract Using surface marine wind and sea surface temperature data from the period 1950–1987, together with sea surface temperature and sea level pressure data from several stations in the Pacific,Expand
Measurements of the Atmospheric Mass, Energy, and Momentum Budgets Over a 500-Kilometer Square of Tropical Ocean
Abstract The atmospheric budgets of mass, water vapor, heat, momentum, and mechanical energy have been analyzed for a 5-day undisturbed period (June 22–26, 1969) during the Barbados Oceanographic andExpand
Meteorological Aspects of the El Ni�o/Southern Oscillation
TLDR
In this review meteorological aspects of the time history of the 1982-1983 episode are described and compared with a composite based on six previous events between 1950 and 1975, and the impact of these new observations on theoretical interpretations of the event is discussed. Expand
Detection and Attribution of Recent Climate Change: A Status Report
This paper addresses the question of where we now stand with respect to detection and attribution of an anthropo- genic climate signal. Our ability to estimate natural climate variability, againstExpand
Atmospheric Water Vapor Transport and the Water Balance of North America
Abstract The atmospheric water vapor flux divergence and certain aspects of the water balance of North America are investigated, using data from the period May 1, 1958–Apr. 30, 1963. The meanExpand
ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR TRANSPORT AND THE WATER BALANCE OF NORTH AMERICA: PART I. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE WATER VAPOR FLUX FIELD
Abstract The atmospheric water vapor flux over North America and the Central American Sea (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea) has been investigated for the period May 1, 1961–April 30, 1963, as partExpand
The general circulation of the tropical atmosphere and interactions with extratropical latitudes
From the single question, "What is the physical origin of the biennial oscillation (the biennial change in wind direction from westerly to easterly) in the tropical stratosphere?" grew this study,Expand
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