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Origin of the heavy elements in binary neutron-star mergers from a gravitational-wave event
TLDR
The ejected mass and a merger rate inferred from GW170817 imply that such mergers are a dominant mode of r-process production in the Universe. Expand
HYDRODYNAMICAL SIMULATIONS TO DETERMINE THE FEEDING RATE OF BLACK HOLES BY THE TIDAL DISRUPTION OF STARS: THE IMPORTANCE OF THE IMPACT PARAMETER AND STELLAR STRUCTURE
The disruption of stars by supermassive black holes has been linked to more than a dozen flares in the cores of galaxies out to redshift z ~ 0.4. Modeling these flares properly requires a predictionExpand
Swope Supernova Survey 2017a (SSS17a), the optical counterpart to a gravitational wave source
TLDR
A rapid astronomical search located the optical counterpart of the neutron star merger GW170817 and shows how these observations can be explained by an explosion known as a kilonova, which produces large quantities of heavy elements in nuclear reactions. Expand
Evidence for a canonical gamma-ray burst afterglow light curve in the Swift XRT data
We present new observations of the early X-ray afterglows of the first 27 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) well observed by the Swift X-Ray Telescope (XRT). The early X-ray afterglows show a canonicalExpand
A Possible Relativistic Jetted Outburst from a Massive Black Hole Fed by a Tidally Disrupted Star
TLDR
Observations suggest a sudden accretion event onto a central MBH of mass about 106 to 107 solar masses, which leads to a natural analogy of Sw 1644+57 to a temporary smaller-scale blazar. Expand
A limit on the variation of the speed of light arising from quantum gravity effects
TLDR
The detection of emission up to ∼31 GeV from the distant and short GRB, and no evidence for the violation of Lorentz invariance is found, which disfavour quantum-gravity theories in which the quantum nature of space–time on a very small scale linearly alters the speed of light. Expand
A giant γ-ray flare from the magnetar SGR 1806–20
Two classes of rotating neutron stars—soft γ-ray repeaters (SGRs) and anomalous X-ray pulsars—are magnetars, whose X-ray emission is powered by a very strong magnetic field (B ≈ 1015 G). SGRsExpand
No supernovae associated with two long-duration γ-ray bursts
It is now accepted that long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are produced during the collapse of a massive star1,2. The standard ‘collapsar’ model3 predicts that a broad-lined and luminous type IcExpand
An optical supernova associated with the X-ray flash XRF 060218
TLDR
The data, combined with radio and X-ray observations, suggest that XRF 060218 is an intrinsically weak and soft event, rather than a classical GRB observed off-axis, which extends the GRB–supernova connection to X-rays flashes and fainter supernovae, implying a common origin. Expand
Light curves of the neutron star merger GW170817/SSS17a: Implications for r-process nucleosynthesis
TLDR
The late-time light curve indicates that SSS17a produced at least ~0.05 solar masses of heavy elements, demonstrating that neutron star mergers play a role in rapid neutron capture (r-process) nucleosynthesis in the universe. Expand
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