• Publications
  • Influence
IBM's Early Computers
This chronicles the transformation of IBM into a computer company in a remarkably few years, discussing projects that ended in frustration as well as the more successful ones, and providing a sense of the atmosphere, the people, and the decision-making processes involved during the company's rapid technological transformation.
Building IBM: Shaping an Industry and Its Technology
Hollerith - inventor and entrepreneur - getting started, addressing the census problem, the first practical test, obtaining patent protection, entrepreneurial setbacks, winning the census business,
IBM's 360 and early 370 systems
The authors tell how System/360's widely-copied architecture came into being and how IBM failed in an effort to replace it ten years later with a bold development effort called FS, the Future System, along the way they detail the development of many computer innovations still in use.
Preparing for Peace
This chapter contains sections titled: Planning for Product Improvements, Printer Research, Emphasis on Electronics, The SSEC: A Supercomputer, The Watson Laboratory
Memories that shaped an industry
Origins of Software Bundling
  • E. Pugh
  • Computer Science
    IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.
  • 2002
The bundling of software and hardware in a single product package predates electronic computers and can be traced back to information-processing pioneer Herman Hollerith in the late 1800s.
Device and array design for a 120-nanosecond magnetic film main memory
Device and array design considerations are described fora manufacturable 120-nsec cycle magnetic film memory containing 6000,000 bits in the basic operating module. Worst-case testing is done such a
Magnetic memory elements with biaxial anisotropy
  • E. Pugh
  • Materials Science
    IEEE Transactions on Communication and…
  • 1 September 1964
Crystallographically oriented, thin magnetic films are shown, from theory, to possess switching characteristics ideally suited for use in a noncoincident-current word-organized memory. These
Ferrite core memories that shaped an industry
  • E. Pugh
  • Computer Science
  • 1 September 1984
The development of reliable, high-speed ferrite core memories that could be mass-produced at low cost was probably the most important innovation that made stored-program computers a practical,