• Publications
  • Influence
IBM's Early Computers
TLDR
This chronicles the transformation of IBM into a computer company in a remarkably few years, discussing projects that ended in frustration as well as the more successful ones, and providing a sense of the atmosphere, the people, and the decision-making processes involved during the company's rapid technological transformation.
Building IBM: Shaping an Industry and Its Technology
Hollerith - inventor and entrepreneur - getting started, addressing the census problem, the first practical test, obtaining patent protection, entrepreneurial setbacks, winning the census business,
IBM's 360 and early 370 systems
TLDR
The authors tell how System/360's widely-copied architecture came into being and how IBM failed in an effort to replace it ten years later with a bold development effort called FS, the Future System, along the way they detail the development of many computer innovations still in use.
Preparing for Peace
This chapter contains sections titled: Planning for Product Improvements, Printer Research, Emphasis on Electronics, The SSEC: A Supercomputer, The Watson Laboratory
Memories that shaped an industry
Origins of Software Bundling
  • E. Pugh
  • Computer Science
    IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.
  • 2002
The bundling of software and hardware in a single product package predates electronic computers and can be traced back to information-processing pioneer Herman Hollerith in the late 1800s.
Device and array design for a 120-nanosecond magnetic film main memory
Device and array design considerations are described fora manufacturable 120-nsec cycle magnetic film memory containing 6000,000 bits in the basic operating module. Worst-case testing is done such a
Magnetic memory elements with biaxial anisotropy
  • E. Pugh
  • Materials Science
    IEEE Transactions on Communication and…
  • 1 September 1964
Crystallographically oriented, thin magnetic films are shown, from theory, to possess switching characteristics ideally suited for use in a noncoincident-current word-organized memory. These
Ferrite core memories that shaped an industry
  • E. Pugh
  • Computer Science
  • 1 September 1984
The development of reliable, high-speed ferrite core memories that could be mass-produced at low cost was probably the most important innovation that made stored-program computers a practical,
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