• Publications
  • Influence
Stigma consciousness: the psychological legacy of social stereotypes.
  • E. Pinel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1999
Whereas past researchers have treated targets of stereotypes as though they have uniform reactions to their stereotyped status (e.g., J. Crocker & B. Major, 1989; C. M. Steele & J. Aronson, 1995), itExpand
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Immune neglect: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.
People are generally unaware of the operation of the system of cognitive mechanisms that ameliorate their experience of negative affect (the psychological immune system), and thus they tend toExpand
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Stigma on my mind: Individual differences in the experience of stereotype threat
Abstract Stereotyped individuals vary in how chronically self-conscious they are of their stigmatized status, which Pinel (1999) has dubbed stigma consciousness . The current study investigatedExpand
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Why do people need self-esteem? Converging evidence that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function.
Three studies were conducted to assess the proposition that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function. In Study 1, it was hypothesized that raising self-esteem would reduce anxiety in responseExpand
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Seeing I to I: a pathway to interpersonal connectedness.
The authors introduce the construct of I-sharing--the belief that one shares an identical subjective experience with another person--and the role it plays in liking. In Studies 1-3, participantsExpand
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Stigma Consciousness in Intergroup Contexts: The Power of Conviction
Abstract People vary in the extent to which they expect to be stereotyped, and these differences in “stigma consciousness” have cognitive and behavioral consequences that contribute to people'sExpand
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When saying and doing diverge: The effects ofstereotype threat on self-reported versus nonverbal anxiety
Abstract Although research has established that stigmatized individuals suffer impaired performance under stereotype threat conditions, the anxiety presumed to mediate this effect has provenExpand
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Effects of Self-Esteem on Vulnerability-Denying Defensive Distortions: Further Evidence of an Anxiety-Buffering Function of Self-Esteem
Abstract Two studies were conducted to assess the proposition that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function. In Study 1, it was hypothesized that raising self-esteem would reduce the need toExpand
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You're Just Saying That Because I'm a Woman: Stigma Consciousness and Attributions to Discrimination
This study adds to tests of the construct validity of stigma consciousness by asking if people high in stigma consciousness demonstrate a greater tendency than people low in stigma consciousness toExpand
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The Direct and Stress–Buffering Effects of Self–Organization on Psychological Adjustment
Abstract Research on self–organization and psychological adjustment has produced equivocal results. Mixed findings may result from the shortcomings of common self–organizationExpand
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