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Risk as Analysis and Risk as Feelings: Some Thoughts about Affect, Reason, Risk, and Rationality
Modern theories in cognitive psychology and neuroscience indicate that there are two fundamental ways in which human beings comprehend risk. The “analytic system” uses algorithms and normative rules,
The Polarizing Impact of Science Literacy and Numeracy on Perceived Climate Change Risks
Seeming public apathy over climate change is often attributed to a deficit in comprehension. The public knows too little science, it is claimed, to understand the evidence or avoid being misled.
Numeracy and Decision Making
Findings were consistent with highly numerate individuals being more likely to retrieve and use appropriate numerical principles, thus making themselves less susceptible to framing effects, and their affective responses were more precise.
Risk Perception and Affect
Humans perceive and act on risk in two fundamental ways. Risk as feelings refers to individuals' instinctive and intuitive reactions to danger. Risk as analysis brings logic, reason, and scientific
Beyond nudges: Tools of a choice architecture
This paper outlines the tools available to choice architects, that is anyone who present people with choices, and divides these tools into two categories: those used in structuring the choice task and Those used in describing the choice options.
Motivated Numeracy and Enlightened Self-Government
Why does public conflict over societal risks persist in the face of compelling and widely accessible scientific evidence? We conducted an experiment to probe two alternative answers: the “Science
Affect, risk, and decision making.
The authors trace the development of the affect heuristic across a variety of research paths and discusses some of the important practical implications resulting from ways that this heuristic impacts how people perceive and evaluate risk, and, more generally, how it influences all human decision making.
Development and Testing of an Abbreviated Numeracy Scale: A Rasch Analysis Approach
A shorter, psychometrically improved measure of numeracy—the ability to understand, manipulate, and use numerical information, including probabilities, is developed, which is the first to present the psychometric properties of several popular numeracy measures across a diverse sample of ages and educational level.
The Role of Affect and Worldviews as Orienting Dispositions in the Perception and Acceptance of Nuclear Power1
Recent research in risk perception has examined the role of affect and worldviews as orienting dispositions that guide people’s decisions about complex and risky topics such as nuclear energy. This