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Routes of transmission and consequences of small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs) infection and eradication schemes.
Small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV = maedi-visna in sheep and caprine arthritis encephalitis in goats) are distributed throughout most countries of the world, particularly Europe. Laboratories from 16Expand
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Noncytopathic Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Inhibits Double-Stranded RNA-Induced Apoptosis and Interferon Synthesis
ABSTRACT Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), a pestivirus of theFlaviviridae family, is an economically important cattle pathogen with a worldwide distribution. Both noncytopathic (ncp) andExpand
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Maedi-visna virus infection in sheep: a review.
The maedi-visna virus (MVV) is classified as a lentivirus of the retroviridae family. The genome of MVV includes three genes: gag, which encodes for group-specific antigens; pol, which encodes forExpand
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Genetic heterogeneity of pestiviruses of ruminants in Switzerland.
We have genetically analyzed ruminant pestiviruses. All >150 bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) viruses isolated from cattle in Switzerland belonged to genotype 1, with subgenogroups e, h, k and b found inExpand
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Cytopathic bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV): emerging pestiviruses doomed to extinction
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), a Flaviviridae pestivirus, is arguably one of the most widespread cattle pathogens worldwide. Each of its two genotypes has two biotypes, non-cytopathic (ncp) andExpand
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Macrophages infected with cytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus release a factor(s) capable of priming uninfected macrophages for activation-induced apoptosis.
Bovine bone marrow-derived macrophages infected with the cytopathic biotype of bovine viral diarrhea virus released an antiviral activity into the supernatant which was tentatively characterized asExpand
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Detection of antibodies to bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and characterization of genomes of BVDV from Brazil.
An ELISA for the detection of antibodies to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) was developed based on antigens derived from a genotype I BVDV strain isolated in Switzerland. Using monoclonalExpand
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Antioxidant activities of some tryptophan metabolites: possible implication for inflammatory diseases.
The antioxidant properties of tryptophan and some of its oxidative metabolites were examined by measuring how efficiently they inhibited peroxyl radical-mediated oxidation of phosphatidylcholineExpand
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Prevalence of caftle infected with bovine viral diarrhoea virus in Switzerland
A cross-sectional study was made in a major cattle-breeding area of Switzerland to investigate the prevalence and local distribution of animals antibody positive to bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) virusExpand
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BVDV: a pestivirus inducing tolerance of the innate immune response.
Animals persistently infected (PI) with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) retain a strain-specific B- and T-cell immunotolerance. Pestiviral RNA triggers interferon (IFN) synthesis, and the viralExpand
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