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A comprehensive genomic history of extinct and living elephants
TLDR
It is shown that interspecies hybridization has been a recurrent feature of elephantid evolution, and the genetic makeup of the straight-tusked elephant, previously placed as a sister group to African forest elephants based on lower coverage data, in fact comprises three major components.
Holarctic genetic structure and range dynamics in the woolly mammoth
Ancient DNA analyses have provided enhanced resolution of population histories in many Pleistocene taxa. However, most studies are spatially restricted, making inference of species-level
Serial population extinctions in a small mammal indicate Late Pleistocene ecosystem instability
TLDR
Investigating the population-level history of a key tundra-specialist small mammal, the collared lemming, reveals climate-associated, repeated regional extinctions in a keystone prey species across the Late Pleistocene, a pattern likely to have had an impact on the wider steppe-tundra community, and one that is concordant with environmental change as a major force in structuring Late pleistocene biodiversity.
Resolution of the type material of the Asian elephant, Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 (Proboscidea, Elephantidae)
The understanding of Earth's biodiversity depends critically on the accurate identification and nomenclature of species. Many species were described centuries ago, and in a surprising number of cases
Synchronous genetic turnovers across Western Eurasia in Late Pleistocene collared lemmings
TLDR
This study provides significant insights into the population dynamics of a small mammal at a large geographical scale and reveals a rather complex demographical history, which could have had bottom-up effects in the Late Pleistocene steppe-tundra ecosystem.
A HIGH‐DENSITY SCAN OF THE Z CHROMOSOME IN FICEDULA FLYCATCHERS REVEALS CANDIDATE LOCI FOR DIVERSIFYING SELECTION
TLDR
Plumage characteristics play an important role in species recognition in these flycatchers suggesting that the detected genes may have been involved in the evolution of sexual isolation between the species.
Early Pleistocene enamel proteome sequences from Dmanisi resolve Stephanorhinus phylogeny
TLDR
It is demonstrated that sequencing the proteome of Early Pleistocene dental enamel overcomes the limitations of phylogenetic inference based on ancient collagen or DNA, and resolves the phylogeny of Eurasian Rhinocerotidae.
Palaeogenomes of Eurasian straight-tusked elephants challenge the current view of elephant evolution
TLDR
Recovery of full mitochondrial genomes from four and partial nuclear genomes from two P. antiquus fossils demonstrate that the current picture of elephant evolution is in need of substantial revision and suggests that Loxodonta has not been constrained to Africa.
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