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Critical period effects in second language learning: The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language
The results support the conclusion that a critical period for language acquisition extends its effects to second language acquisition. Expand
Statistical Learning by 8-Month-Old Infants
The present study shows that a fundamental task of language acquisition, segmentation of words from fluent speech, can be accomplished by 8-month-old infants based solely on the statistical relationships between neighboring speech sounds. Expand
One of the infant’s first tasks in language acquisition is to discover the words embedded in a mostly continuous speech stream. This learning problem might be solved by using distributional cues toExpand
Regularizing Unpredictable Variation: The Roles of Adult and Child Learners in Language Formation and Change
In this article we investigate what learners acquire when their input contains inconsistent grammatical morphemes such as those present in pidgins and incipient creoles. In particular, we ask ifExpand
Maturational Constraints on Language Learning
  • E. Newport
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • Cogn. Sci.
  • 1990
This paper suggests that there are constraints on learning required to explain the acquisition of language, in particular, mului ultonol constraints, and suggests that language learning abilities decline because of the expansion of nonlinguisftc cognitive abilities. Expand
Statistical learning of tone sequences by human infants and adults
Results suggest that a learning mechanism previously shown to be involved in word segmentation can also be used to segment sequences of non-linguistic stimuli. Expand
Learning at a distance I. Statistical learning of non-adjacent dependencies
Why human learners display strong differences in learning differing types of non-adjacent regularities is discussed, and it is suggested that these contrasts in learnability may account for why human languages display non-approximate regularities of one type much more widely than non- adjacentregularities of the other type. Expand
Computation of Conditional Probability Statistics by 8-Month-Old Infants
A recent report demonstrated that 8-month-olds can segment a continuous stream of speech syllables, containing no acoustic or prosodic cues to word boundaries, into wordlike units after only 2 min ofExpand
Getting it right by getting it wrong: When learners change languages
The results suggest that regularization processes in natural language learning, such as those seen in the acquisition of language from non-native speakers or in the formation of young languages, may depend crucially on the nature of language learning by young children. Expand
Incidental Language Learning: Listening (and Learning) Out of the Corner of Your Ear
Two experiments investigated the performance of first-grade children and adults on an incidental language-learning task. Learning entailed word segmentation from continuous speech, an initial andExpand