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Risk Factors for Falls in Community-dwelling Older People: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
TLDR
This meta-analysis provides comprehensive evidence-based assessment of risk factors for falls in older people, confirming their multifactorial etiology and finding some nonspecific indicators of high baseline risk were also strong predictors of the risk of falling.
Recent patterns in gastric cancer: A global overview
TLDR
Steady downward trends persist in gastric cancer mortality worldwide even in middle aged population, and hence further appreciable declines are likely in the near future.
Annual or biennial CT screening versus observation in heavy smokers: 5-year results of the MILD trial
TLDR
There was no evidence of a protective effect of annual or biennial LDCT screening, and a meta-analysis of the four published randomized trials showed similar overall mortality in the LDCT arms compared with the control arm.
The European mesothelioma epidemic
TLDR
The number of men dying from mesothelioma in Western Europe each year will almost double over the next 20 years, from 5000 in 1998 to about 9000 around 2018, and then decline, with a total of about a quarter of a million deaths over thenext 35 years.
Thyroid cancer mortality and incidence: A global overview
TLDR
The declines in thyroid cancer mortality reflect both variations in risk factor exposure and changes in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, while the increases in the incidence are likely due to the increase in the detection of this neoplasm over the last few decades.
Alcohol, tobacco and breast cancer – collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 53 epidemiological studies, including 58 515 women with breast cancer and 95 067 women without the disease
TLDR
In conclusion, smoking has little or no independent effect on the risk of developing breast cancer; the effect of alcohol on breast cancer needs to be interpreted in the context of its beneficial effects, in moderation, on cardiovascular disease and its harmful effects on cirrhosis.
Alcohol consumption and site-specific cancer risk: a comprehensive dose–response meta-analysis
TLDR
Alcohol increases risk of cancer of oral cavity and pharynx, oesophagus, colorectum, liver, larynx and female breast, and there is accumulating evidence that alcohol drinking is associated with some other cancers such as pancreas and prostate cancer and melanoma.
European cancer mortality predictions for the year 2014.
TLDR
Cancer mortality predictions for 2014 confirm the overall favorable cancer mortality trend in the EU, translating to an overall 26% fall in men since its peak in 1988, and 20% in women, and the avoidance of over 250,000 deaths in 2014 compared with the peak rate.
Fish consumption and cancer risk.
TLDR
It is suggested that the consumption of even relatively small amounts of fish is a favorable indicator of the risk of several cancers, especially of the digestive tract, as well as for lymphomas.
European cancer mortality predictions for the year 2016 with focus on leukaemias.
TLDR
The 2016 predictions for EU cancer mortality confirm the favourable trends in rates particularly for men, and continuing falls in mortality, larger in children and young adults, are predicted in leukaemias.
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