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An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function.
TLDR
It is proposed that cognitive control stems from the active maintenance of patterns of activity in the prefrontal cortex that represent goals and the means to achieve them, which provide bias signals to other brain structures whose net effect is to guide the flow of activity along neural pathways that establish the proper mappings between inputs, internal states, and outputs needed to perform a given task.
Neural Mechanisms of Visual Working Memory in Prefrontal Cortex of the Macaque
TLDR
It is suggested that PF cortex plays a primary role in working memory tasks and may be a source of feedback inputs to IT cortex, biasing activity in favor of behaviorally relevant stimuli.
THE PREFRONTAL CORTEX AND COGNITIVE CONTROL
TLDR
Studies indicate that the prefrontal cortex is central in this process, providing an infrastructure for synthesizing a diverse range of information that lays the foundation for the complex forms of behaviour observed in primates.
The prefontral cortex and cognitive control
  • E. Miller
  • Biology, Psychology
    Nature Reviews Neuroscience
  • 1 October 2000
TLDR
Studies indicate that the prefrontal cortex is central in this process, providing an infrastructure for synthesizing a diverse range of information that lays the foundation for the complex forms of behaviour observed in primates.
Top-Down Versus Bottom-Up Control of Attention in the Prefrontal and Posterior Parietal Cortices
TLDR
The result indicates that top-down and bottom-up signals arise from the frontal and sensory cortex, respectively, and different modes of attention may emphasize synchrony at different frequencies.
The importance of mixed selectivity in complex cognitive tasks
TLDR
It is shown that mixed selectivity neurons encode distributed information about all task-relevant aspects, so that each aspect can be decoded from the population of neurons even when single-cell selectivity to that aspect is eliminated.
Response to Comment on "Top-Down Versus Bottom-Up Control of Attention in the Prefrontal and Posterior Parietal Cortices"
TLDR
It is shown that there are actually no discrepancies across studies in latencies for target selection based on the earliest neurons to show effects, which Schall et al. mistakenly compare to latencies based on population averages.
Parallel neuronal mechanisms for short-term memory.
TLDR
Recordings were made from neurons in the inferior temporal cortex of monkeys while the monkeys held a sample picture "in mind" and signaled when it was repeated in a sequence of pictures, ignoring other stimulus repetitions.
A Comparison of Primate Prefrontal and Inferior Temporal Cortices during Visual Categorization
TLDR
The ITC seems more involved in the analysis of currently viewed shapes, whereas the PFC showed stronger category signals, memory effects, and a greater tendency to encode information in terms of its behavioral meaning.
A neural basis for visual search in inferior temporal cortex
TLDR
The results suggest that inferior temporal cortex is involved in selecting the objects to which the authors attend and foveate, and this area is known to be important for high-level visual processing.
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