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The application of 'least-cost' modelling as a functional landscape model
The model is shown to be a flexible tool to model functional connectivity in the study of the relation between landscape and mobility of organisms as well as in scenario building and evaluation in wild life protection projects and applied land management projects. Expand
Costs of dispersal
The consequences of the presence and magnitude of different costs during different phases of the dispersal process, and their internal organisation through covariation with other life‐history traits are synthesised with respect to potential consequences for species conservation and the need for development of a new generation of spatial simulation models. Expand
Density-dependent dispersal in birds and mammals
Both correlational and experimental studies support the existence of positive, rather than negative, density-dependent dispersal in birds and mammals. Expand
A comparison of microsatellite‐based pairwise relatedness estimators
This study investigated the performance (absolute and relative) of 10 marker‐based relatedness estimators using allele frequencies at microsatellite loci obtained from natural populations of two bird species and one mammal species and shows that there is no single best‐performing estimator. Expand
Ecomorphological analysis of trophic niche partitioning in a tropical savannah bat community
Comparisons of three species with highly specialized feeding habits with the rest of the species in the community indicate that specialization into these niches comes at the expense of bite performance and, hence, may result in a reduction of the trophic niche breadth. Expand
Variable responses to large-scale climate change in European Parus populations
It is shown that the phenological response to large–scale changes in spring temperature varies across a species' range, even between populations situated close to each other, and that this variation cannot be fully explained by variation in the temperature change during the pre– and post–laying periods, as recently suggested. Expand
Synchronization of hatching date with budburst of individual host trees (Quercus robur) in the winter moth (Operophtera brumata) and its fitness consequences
The data support that synchronization of larval hatching with host budburst is adaptive as it increases adult size and thus expected fitness. Expand
The implications of food hardness for diet in bats
The combined data on bite forces and food hardness indicate that food hardness can both directly and indirectly limit dietary diversity in bats and that dietary specialization may potentially result in a decrease in trophic breadth for some species through its effect on bite performance. Expand
Does matrix resistance influence Red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris L. 1758) distribution in an urban landscape?
In determining isolation effects in fragmented populations, the landscape matrix is not often considered. Usually simple distance measures are used to quantify degree of isolation. We tested theExpand