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Estimating the prevalence of limb loss in the United States: 2005 to 2050.
Limb Amputation and Limb Deficiency: Epidemiology and Recent Trends in the United States
The risk of amputations increased with age for all causes and was highest among blacks having dysvascular amputations, particularly among elderly and minority populations, and warrants further investigation.
A national evaluation of the effect of trauma-center care on mortality.
- E. Mackenzie, F. Rivara, D. Scharfstein
- Medicine, Political ScienceThe New England journal of medicine
- 26 January 2006
It is shown that the risk of death is significantly lower when care is provided in a trauma center than in a non-trauma center and argue for continued efforts at regionalization.
Phantom pain, residual limb pain, and back pain in amputees: results of a national survey.
An analysis of outcomes of reconstruction or amputation after leg-threatening injuries.
Patients with limbs at high risk for amputation can be advised that reconstruction typically results in two-year outcomes equivalent to those of amputation.
Access to trauma centers in the United States.
Selecting trauma centers based on geographic need, appropriately locating medical helicopter bases, and establishing formal agreements for sharing trauma care resources across states should be considered to improve access to trauma care in the United States.
Return to work following injury: the role of economic, social, and job-related factors.
Characteristics of the patient that correlated with higher rates of RTW included younger age, higher education, higher income, the presence of strong social support, and employment in a white-collar job that was not physically demanding.
A new characterization of injury severity.
ASCOT provides a more precise description of patient physiologic status and injury number, location, and severity than TRISS, and may be useful in relating to other important outcomes not highly correlated with TRISS or the Injury Severity Score (ISS).
Epidemiology of limb loss and congenital limb deficiency: a review of the literature.