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Maternal and child health in Brazil: progress and challenges
TLDR
Official statistics show stable maternal mortality ratios during the past 10 years, but modelled data indicate a yearly decrease of 4%, a trend which might not have been noticeable in official reports because of improvements in death registration and the increased number of investigations into deaths of women of reproductive age.
Cohort Profile: Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
TLDR
The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) aims to contribute relevant information regarding the development and progression of clinical and subclinical chronic diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, in one such setting.
High prevalence of diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia – The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
TLDR
That four of every five free-living individuals aged 35-74 years working in selected public institutions in six Brazilian state capitals presented either diabetes or intermediate hyperglycemia highlights the advanced stage of the obesity – diabetes epidemic in urban Brazil and indicates the need for urgent action.
Earlier age at menarche is associated with higher diabetes risk and cardiometabolic disease risk factors in Brazilian adults: Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
TLDR
Findings support the hypothesis that earlier menarche is associated with greater risk for adult diabetes and cardiometabolic disease in the Brazilian context.
Polycystic ovary syndrome in Salvador, Brazil: a prevalence study in primary healthcare
TLDR
The prevalence of PCOS in women seeking primary healthcare in Salvador, Brazil, was 8.5% according to the Rotterdam criteria, and women with PCOS were younger, taller, had fewer children, were better educated, and had higher total testosterone levels.
Work–Family Conflict and Self-Rated Health: the Role of Gender and Educational Level. Baseline Data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
TLDR
Women’s education level affects the relationship between work–family conflict and self-rated health, and the results may contribute to prevention activities.
Gender, time use and overweight and obesity in adults: Results of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
TLDR
The findings of this study provide data on which to base public policies aimed at encouraging the redistribution of domestic responsibilities in the direction of gender equity, as well as macrosocial policies such as providing public schools for workers’ children.
Monitoring and Evaluating Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Brazil
This paper is a country case study for the Universal Health Coverage Collection, organized by WHO. Mauricio Barreto and colleagues illustrates progress towards UHC and its monitoring and evaluation
Gender, race and socioeconomic influence on diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disorders in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
TLDR
Investigation of the influence of gender, race and socioeconomic status on the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disorders using data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), a multicenter cohort study of civil servants from six Brazilian cities found Sociodemographic factors strongly influenced the diagnosis.
Gender and psychosocial factors associated with healthy lifestyle in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) cohort: a cross-sectional study
TLDR
The factors that influenced healthy lifestyles were found to differ among men and women, a fact that must be addressed when developing programmes designed to promote health.
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