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Swimming behavior as an indicator of sublethal toxicity in fish
Analysis of swimming patterns provides even higher resolution for analysis of swimming behavior, and increased availability of the instrumentation necessary for such measurements should facilitate use of this approach.
Photoenhanced toxicity of a carbamate insecticide to early life stage anuran amphibians
The results indicate that photoenhancement by solar UV‐B radiation should be considered when evaluating the toxicity of contaminants to amphibians and other organisms.
Physiological measures of neurotoxicity of diazinon and malathion to larval rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and their correlation with behavioral measures
Investigation of relationships between neurotoxicants and changes in physiological parameters and behavior in larval rainbow trout exposed to sublethal concentrations of two organophosphate pesticides suggests correlations between physiological and behavioral changes previously seen in mammals also occur in fish.
Behavioral Dysfunctions Correlate to Altered Physiology in Rainbow Trout (Oncorynchus mykiss) Exposed to Cholinesterase-Inhibiting Chemicals
- S. Brewer, E. Little, A. DeLonay, S. Beauvais, Susan B. Jones, M. Ellersieck
- BiologyArchives of environmental contamination and…
Results suggest that the inclusion of behavior in monitoring programs can be successful and correlations between behavior and biochemical endpoints, such as ChE inhibition, suggest that this approach can provide a meaningful link between biochemistry and behavior and can provide useful information on toxicant impacts.
Toxicity and bioaccumulation of waterborne and dietary selenium in juvenile bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus)
The effect of chronic chromium exposure on the health of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha).
Behavioral avoidance: Possible mechanism for explaining abundanc and distribution of trout species in a metal‐impacted river
Behavioral avoidance of metal mixtures by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) was determined in the laboratory under water quality conditions that simulated the upper Clark Fork River, Montana, USA.…
Behavioral indicators of sublethal toxicity in rainbow trout
- E. Little, Richard D. Archeski, B. A. Flerov, Vera I. Kozlovskaya
- Environmental ScienceArchives of environmental contamination and…
- 1 May 1990
Four measures of behavior-spontaneous swimming activity, swimming capacity, feeding behavior, and vulnerability to predation-were assessed as indicators of sublethal toxicity in rainbow trout…
Multiple stressors in amphibian communities: effects of chemical contamination, bullfrogs, and fish.
- M. Boone, R. D. Semlitsch, E. Little, Meaghan C. Doyle
- Environmental Science, BiologyEcological applications : a publication of the…
This study exposed larvae of American toads, southern leopard frogs, and spotted salamanders to overwintered bullfrog tadpoles, the insecticide carbaryl, and ammonium nitrate fertilizer to demonstrate the role that chemical contamination, competition, and predation play singly and in combination in aquatic amphibian communities.
Multiple sublethal chemicals negatively affect tadpoles of the green frog, Rana clamitans
- M. Boone, C. Bridges, J. Fairchild, E. Little
- BiologyEnvironmental toxicology and chemistry
- 1 May 2005
The combination of carbaryl and nitrate had a negative effect on development and mass of tadpoles compared to the positive effect that either contaminant had alone, demonstrating the importance of considering multiple stressors when evaluating population‐level responses.