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Changes in the geographical distribution and abundance of the tick Ixodes ricinus during the past 30 years in Sweden
BackgroundIxodes ricinus is the main vector in Europe of human-pathogenic Lyme borreliosis (LB) spirochaetes, the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) and other pathogens of humans and domesticatedExpand
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Effects of Climate Change on Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Europe
Zoonotic tick-borne diseases are an increasing health burden in Europe and there is speculation that this is partly due to climate change affecting vector biology and disease transmission. Data onExpand
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Impact of climatic change on the northern latitude limit and population density of the disease-transmitting European tick Ixodes ricinus.
We examined whether a reported northward expansion of the geographic distribution limit of the disease-transmitting tick Ixodes ricinus and an increased tick density between the early 1980s andExpand
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Tick-borne encephalitis in Sweden and climate change
BACKGROUND The incidence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Sweden has substantially increased since the mid-1980s. During the same period the climate has become milder and ticks have become moreExpand
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Lyme borreliosis in Europe: influences of climate and climate change, epidemiology, ecology and adaptation measures
Stockholm University and WHO, within a project funded by the European Commission (EVK2-2000-00070), reviewed the impacts of climate change and adaptation on Lyme borreliosis (LB) in Europe. LB is theExpand
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Monitoring EU Emerging Infectious Disease Risk Due to Climate Change
Climate change, globalization, and other drivers have made Europe a “hot spot” for emerging infectious diseases, which calls for changes in monitoring systems. In recent years, we have seenExpand
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The range of Ixodes ricinus and the risk of contracting Lyme borreliosis will increase northwards when the vegetation period becomes longer.
In Sweden, the geographical distribution of Lyme borreliosis corresponds to that of its vector Ixodes ricinus. Both tick activity and the length of the vegetation period are determined by daily meanExpand
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Climate change: present and future risks to health, and necessary responses
Abstract.  McMichael AJ, Lindgren E (The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia; and Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden). Climate change: present and future risks to health, andExpand
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Epidemiology of trichinellosis in lynx in Finland.
Three hundred and twenty seven European lynx (Lynx lynx) were examined for Trichinella sp. larvae using the muscle digestion method. The animals were of both sexes, various ages, and collectedExpand
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