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A robust and high-throughput Cre reporting and characterization system for the whole mouse brain
TLDR
A set of Cre reporter mice with strong, ubiquitous expression of fluorescent proteins of different spectra is generated and enables direct visualization of fine dendritic structures and axonal projections of the labeled neurons, which is useful in mapping neuronal circuitry, imaging and tracking specific cell populations in vivo.
Genome-wide atlas of gene expression in the adult mouse brain
TLDR
An anatomically comprehensive digital atlas containing the expression patterns of ∼20,000 genes in the adult mouse brain is described, providing an open, primary data resource for a wide variety of further studies concerning brain organization and function.
An anatomically comprehensive atlas of the adult human brain transcriptome
TLDR
A transcriptional atlas of the adult human brain is described, comprising extensive histological analysis and comprehensive microarray profiling of ∼900 neuroanatomically precise subdivisions in two individuals, to form a high-resolution transcriptional baseline for neurogenetic studies of normal and abnormal human brain function.
Functional organization of the hippocampal longitudinal axis
TLDR
Together, anatomical studies and electrophysiological recordings in rodents suggest a model in which functional long-axis gradients are superimposed on discrete functional domains, which provides a potential framework to explain and test the multiple functions ascribed to the hippocampus.
The complete genome sequence of a Neanderthal from the Altai Mountains
Kay Prüfer, Fernando Racimo, Nick Patterson, Flora Jay, Sriram Sankararaman, Susanna Sawyer, Anja Heinze, Gabriel Renaud, Peter H. Sudmant, Cesare de Filippo, Heng Li, Swapan Mallick, Michael
Wnt signalling regulates adult hippocampal neurogenesis
TLDR
It is shown that adult hippocampal stem/progenitor cells (AHPs) express receptors and signalling components for Wnt proteins, which are key regulators of neural stem cell behaviour in embryonic development, and that the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is active and that Wnt3 is expressed in the hippocampal neurogenic niche.
Transcriptional Landscape of the Prenatal Human Brain
TLDR
An anatomically comprehensive atlas of the mid-gestational human brain is described, including de novo reference atlases, in situ hybridization, ultra-high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and microarray analysis on highly discrete laser-microdissected brain regions.
Shared and distinct transcriptomic cell types across neocortical areas
TLDR
This study establishes a combined transcriptomic and projectional taxonomy of cortical cell types from functionally distinct areas of the adult mouse cortex and identifies 133 transcriptomic types of glutamatergic neurons to their long-range projection specificity.
The complete genome sequence of a Neandertal from the Altai Mountains
TLDR
It is shown that interbreeding, albeit of low magnitude, occurred among many hominin groups in the Late Pleistocene and a definitive list of substitutions that became fixed in modern humans after their separation from the ancestors of Neanderthals and Denisovans is established.
Functional identification of an aggression locus in the mouse hypothalamus
TLDR
It is shown that optogenetic, but not electrical, stimulation of neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamus, ventrolateral subdivision (VMHvl) causes male mice to attack both females and inanimate objects, as well as males.
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