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  • Influence
Amygdala and nucleus accumbens in responses to receipt and omission of gains in adults and adolescents
TLDR
Adolescents' propensity for risk-taking and reward-seeking behaviors suggests a heightened sensitivity for reward, reflected by greater feedback-related activity changes in reward circuitry (e.g., amygdala) relative to adults, and a lower sensitivity to potential harm reflected by weaker feedback- related activity change in avoidance circuitry. Expand
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The social re-orientation of adolescence: a neuroscience perspective on the process and its relation to psychopathology.
BACKGROUND Many changes in social behavior take place during adolescence. Sexuality and romantic interests emerge during this time, and adolescents spend more time with peers and less time withExpand
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Reduced amygdala response to fearful expressions in children and adolescents with callous-unemotional traits and disruptive behavior disorders.
OBJECTIVE Extensive work implicates abnormal amygdala activation in emotional facial expression processing in adults with callous-unemotional traits. However, no research has examined amygdalaExpand
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Emotion dysregulation in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Although it has long been recognized that many individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) also have difficulties with emotion regulation, no consensus has been reached on how toExpand
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Defining clinical phenotypes of juvenile mania.
OBJECTIVE The authors suggest criteria for a range of narrow to broad phenotypes of bipolar disorder in children, differentiated according to the characteristics of the manic or hypomanic episodes,Expand
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Ventrolateral prefrontal cortex activation and attentional bias in response to angry faces in adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder.
OBJECTIVE While adolescent anxiety disorders represent prevalent, debilitating conditions, few studies have explored their brain physiology. Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imagingExpand
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Abnormal ventromedial prefrontal cortex function in children with psychopathic traits during reversal learning.
CONTEXT Children and adults with psychopathic traits and conduct or oppositional defiant disorder demonstrate poor decision making and are impaired in reversal learning. However, the neural basis ofExpand
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Adolescent immaturity in attention-related brain engagement to emotional facial expressions
TLDR
We used functional magnetic resonance imagining (fMRI) with adolescents and adults to examine developmental differences in activation in a paradigm that involved selective attention during the viewing of emotionally engaging face stimuli. Expand
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Severe mood dysregulation, irritability, and the diagnostic boundaries of bipolar disorder in youths.
  • E. Leibenluft
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1 February 2011
In recent years, increasing numbers of children have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder. In some cases, children with unstable mood clearly meet current diagnostic criteria for bipolar disorder,Expand
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Abnormal attention modulation of fear circuit function in pediatric generalized anxiety disorder.
CONTEXT Considerable work implicates abnormal neural activation and disrupted attention to facial-threat cues in adult anxiety disorders. However, in pediatric anxiety, no research has examinedExpand
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