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The Construct of Mindfulness
After mindfulness is defined, a brief history of the research on the topic to date is reviewed. This work essentially falls into three categories: health, business, and education. Considerations ofExpand
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Matters of mind: Mindfulness/mindlessness in perspective
  • E. Langer
  • Psychology
  • Consciousness and Cognition
  • 1 September 1992
Abstract The dual concepts of mindfulness and mindlessness are described. Mindfulness is a state of conscious awareness in which the individual is implicitly aware of the context and content ofExpand
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Mindful Learning
Mindfulness, achieved without meditation, is discussed with particular reference to learning. Being mindful is the simple act of drawing novel distinctions. It leads us to greater sensitivity toExpand
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The illusion of control.
A series of studies was conducted to elucidate a phenomenon here referred to as the "illusion of control." An illusion of control was denned as an expectancy of a personal success probabilityExpand
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The effects of choice and enhanced personal responsibility for the aged: a field experiment in an institutional setting.
  • E. Langer, J. Rodin
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 August 1976
A field experiment was conducted to assess the effects of enhanced personal responsibility and choice on a group of nursing home residents. It was expected that the debilitated condition of many ofExpand
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The Mindlessness of Ostensibly Thoughtful Action: The Role of "Placebic" Information in Interpersonal Interaction
Three field experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that complex social behavior that appears to be enacted mindfully instead may be performed without conscious attention to relevantExpand
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Mindfulness and self-acceptance
The present article will focus on the cognitive theory of mindfulness and its importance in achieving unconditional self-acceptance. The goal of the mindful perspective is to increase cognitiveExpand
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Aging free from negative stereotypes: successful memory in China and among the American deaf.
This study explores whether negative stereotypes about aging contribute to memory loss in old age. The research participants consisted of old and young Chinese hearing, American Deaf, and AmericanExpand
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