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The Construct of Mindfulness
After mindfulness is defined, a brief history of the research on the topic to date is reviewed. This work essentially falls into three categories: health, business, and education. Considerations of
Matters of mind: Mindfulness/mindlessness in perspective
  • E. Langer
  • Psychology
    Consciousness and Cognition
  • 1 September 1992
The illusion of control.
A series of studies was conducted to elucidate a phenomenon here referred to as the "illusion of control." An illusion of control was denned as an expectancy of a personal success probability
Mindful Learning
Mindfulness, achieved without meditation, is discussed with particular reference to learning. Being mindful is the simple act of drawing novel distinctions. It leads us to greater sensitivity to
The effects of choice and enhanced personal responsibility for the aged: a field experiment in an institutional setting.
  • E. Langer, J. Rodin
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 August 1976
Assessment of the effects of enhanced personal responsibility and choice on a group of nursing home residents found a significant improvement for the experimental group over the comparison group on alertness, active participation, and a general sense of well-being.
Aging free from negative stereotypes: successful memory in China and among the American deaf.
The results suggest that cultural beliefs about aging play a role in determining the degree of memory loss people experience in old age.
Mindfulness and self-acceptance
The present article will focus on the cognitive theory of mindfulness and its importance in achieving unconditional self-acceptance. The goal of the mindful perspective is to increase cognitive
The Mindlessness of Ostensibly Thoughtful Action: The Role of "Placebic" Information in Interpersonal Interaction
Three field experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that complex social behavior that appears to be enacted mindfully instead may be performed without conscious attention to relevant