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Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome.
TLDR
The results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome are reported and an initial analysis is presented, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the sequence.
The COG database: an updated version includes eukaryotes
TLDR
A major update of the previously developed system for delineation of Clusters of Orthologous Groups of proteins (COGs) from the sequenced genomes of prokaryotes and unicellular eukaryotes is described and is expected to be a useful platform for functional annotation of newlysequenced genomes, including those of complex eukARYotes, and genome-wide evolutionary studies.
The COG database: a tool for genome-scale analysis of protein functions and evolution
TLDR
The database of Clusters of Orthologous Groups of proteins (COGs) is an attempt on a phylogenetic classification of the proteins encoded in 21 complete genomes of bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes.
A genomic perspective on protein families.
TLDR
Comparison of proteins encoded in seven complete genomes from five major phylogenetic lineages and elucidation of consistent patterns of sequence similarities allowed the delineation of 720 clusters of orthologous groups (COGs), which comprise a framework for functional and evolutionary genome analysis.
Small CRISPR RNAs Guide Antiviral Defense in Prokaryotes
TLDR
The results demonstrate that the formation of mature guide RNAs by the CRISPR RNA endonuclease subunit of Cascade is a mechanistic requirement for antiviral defense.
Genome sequence of an obligate intracellular pathogen of humans: Chlamydia trachomatis.
TLDR
The phylogenetic mosaic of chlamydial genes, including a large number of genes with phylogenetic origins from eukaryotes, implies a complex evolution for adaptation to obligate intracellular parasitism.
Evolution and classification of the CRISPR–Cas systems
TLDR
An updated analysis of the evolutionary relationships between CRISPR–Cas systems and Cas proteins is provided and a 'polythetic' classification that integrates the phylogenies of the most common cas genes, the sequence and organization of theCRISPR repeats and the architecture of the CRISpr–cas loci is proposed.
The COG database: new developments in phylogenetic classification of proteins from complete genomes
TLDR
The new features added to the COG database include information pages with structural and functional details on each COG and literature references, improvements of the COGNITOR program that is used to fit new proteins into the COGs, and classification of genomes and COGs constructed by using principal component analysis.
An updated evolutionary classification of CRISPR–Cas systems
TLDR
An approach combining the analysis of signature protein families and features of the architecture of cas loci that unambiguously partitions most CRISPR–cas loci into distinct classes, types and subtypes is presented.
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