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Echolocation by Insect-Eating Bats
TLDR
This article describes the echolocation behavior of insect-eating bats and shows how differing circumstances such as habitat type, foraging mode, and diet favor different signal types, and outlines the perceptual tasks that must be performed by foraging bats.
Bats host major mammalian paramyxoviruses
TLDR
Major discoveries include evidence of an origin of Hendra- and Nipah virus in Africa, identification of a bat virus conspecific with the human mumps virus, detection of close relatives of respiratory syncytial virus, mouse pneumonia- and canine distemper virus in bats, as well as direct evidence of Sendai virus in rodents.
Human Betacoronavirus 2c EMC/2012–related Viruses in Bats, Ghana and Europe
TLDR
Viruses related to the novel human betacoronavirus EMC/2012 originated from bats, and their genetic relatedness indicated E MC/2012 originate from bats.
The roles of echolocation and olfaction in two Neotropical fruit-eating bats, Carollia perspicillata and C. castanea, feeding on Piper
TLDR
It is concluded from the bats' behavioral reaction to real and artificial fruit as well as from characteristic patterns in their echolocation behavior that during exploration flights, Carollia changes from primarily odor-oriented detection and initial localization of ripe fruit to a primarily echo-oriented final localization of the position of the fruit.
Land use impact on Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaerten. stand structure and distribution patterns: a comparison of Biosphere Reserve of Pendjari in Atacora district in Benin
TLDR
It is concluded that the observed severe reduction of saplings in farmed lands is likely to negatively impact the long-term viability of the tree population, and agroforestry practices must consider the preservation of sapling populations in farming areas for long- term conservation.
Neotropical bats in the canopy: diversity, community structure, and implications for conservation
TLDR
There is a critical need for further research into the extent to which habitat complexity influences species richness and abundance of bats, and a review of recent improvements in techniques for inventorying bats shows that a combination of methods, including mistnetting and acoustic monitoring, is mandatory for such studies.
Echolocating Bats Cry Out Loud to Detect Their Prey
TLDR
It is concluded that for bats with similar hunting habits, prey detection range represents a unifying constraint on the emitted intensity largely independent of call shape, body size, and close phylogenetic relationships.
Trophic structure in a large assemblage of phyllostomid bats in Panama
TLDR
It is shown that the trophic structure of the local contemporary assemblage of phyllostomids is largely conservative with respect to traceable ancestral habits, strongly suggesting that overall trophics structure was likely determined historically.
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