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Word Segmentation by 8-Month-Olds: When Speech Cues Count More Than Statistics
Fluent speech contains few pauses between adjacent words. Cues such as stress, phonotactic constraints, and the statistical structure of the input aid infants in discovering word boundaries. None ofExpand
Testing the limits of statistical learning for word segmentation.
Infants' statistical learning abilities may not be as robust as earlier studies have suggested, as it is concluded that even 5.5-month-olds are extremely sensitive to the conditional probabilities in their environment. Expand
Language Discrimination by English-Learning 5-Month-Olds: Effects of Rhythm and Familiarity
Six experiments using the headturn preference procedure investigated 5-month-old American infants' ability to discriminate languages. The impetus for the present study was a report that newbornsExpand
Infant word segmentation revisited: edge alignment facilitates target extraction.
It is demonstrated that infants segment words from the edges of an utterance more readily than from the middle of an gibberish utterance, and infants segments words from utterance-final position just as readily as they segment Words from utterANCE-initial position. Expand
Predictive Brain Signals of Linguistic Development
An ERP study showing significant evidence of speech segmentation in Dutch-learning 7-month-olds is reported, and in contrast to the left-localized negative effect reported with older infants, the observed overall mean effect had a positive polarity. Expand
Infant ability to tell voices apart rests on language experience.
Results argue against explanation of the native-language voice discrimination in terms of acoustic properties of the stimuli, as the ability to identify talkers is, like many other perceptual abilities, strongly influenced by early life experience. Expand
Question or tone 2? How language experience and linguistic function guide pitch processing
Abstract How does language experience shape pitch processing? Do speakers of tone languages, which use pitch to signal lexical contrasts (e.g., Mandarin Chinese) attend to pitch movements moreExpand
English-Learning Infants' Representations of Word Forms With Iambic Stress.
  • E. Johnson
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Infancy : the official journal of the…
  • 1 January 2005
The head-turn preference study was used to investigate the nature of English-learners' representations of iambic word onsets and provide evidence that infants retain fairly detailed representations of unstressed syllables and support the hypothesis that infants use phonotactic cues to find words in fluent speech. Expand
Developmental Changes in Infants' Ability to Cope with Dialect Variation in Word Recognition.
It is demonstrated that 12- but not 9-month-olds readily recognize words in the face of dialectal variation, and this developmental change may help infants process the ambient language more efficiently, thus enabling rapid gains in vocabulary growth. Expand
Children's Development of Self-Regulation in Speech Production
Surprisingly, toddlers' speech didn't change in response to altered feedback, suggesting that long-held assumptions regarding the role of self-perception in articulatory development need to be reconsidered. Expand