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The Effect of a Glenoid Defect on Anteroinferior Stability of the Shoulder After Bankart Repair: A Cadaveric Study*
Background: An osseous defect of the glenoid rim is sometimes caused by multiple recurrent dislocations of the shoulder. It is generally thought that a large defect should be treated withExpand
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Skeletal muscle metastases of carcinoma: a clinicopathological study of 12 cases.
OBJECTIVE To clarify the clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of a rare condition of metastasis of carcinoma to skeletal muscle. METHOD Clinicopathological findings for 12 patientsExpand
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Contact between the glenoid and the humeral head in abduction, external rotation, and horizontal extension: a new concept of glenoid track.
To date, no anatomic or biomechanical studies have been conducted to clarify what size of a Hill-Sachs lesion needs to be treated. Nine fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders were tested in a customExpand
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Why is the humeral retroversion of throwing athletes greater in dominant shoulders than in nondominant shoulders?
A rotation angle of the proximal humerus relative to the elbow (bicipital-forearm angle) was measured by use of ultrasonography to determine the relationship between humeral retroversion and growthExpand
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Immobilization in external rotation after shoulder dislocation reduces the risk of recurrence. A randomized controlled trial.
BACKGROUND An initial anterior dislocation of the shoulder becomes recurrent in 66% to 94% of young patients after immobilization of the shoulder in internal rotation. Magnetic resonance imaging andExpand
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Tensile properties of the supraspinatus tendon
The tensile properties of the supraspinatus tendon were investigated in 11 shoulders from fresh cadavers. The tendon was divided into three longitudinal strips: anterior, middle, and posterior. EachExpand
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Effect of an Anterior Glenoid Defect on Anterior Shoulder Stability
Background There have been few biomechanical studies to clarify which size of a glenoid defect is critical. However, those studies have assumed that the defect occurred anteroinferiorly. RecentExpand
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Correlation of back extensor strength with thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis in estrogen-deficient women.
Aging and osteoporosis have been associated with skeletal changes. Back extensor strengthening exercises are highly recommended for management of back pain, especially back pain related toExpand
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Shoulder muscle moment arms during horizontal flexion and elevation.
The instantaneous muscle moment arms of 10 shoulder muscles including the three portions of the deltoid and the rotator cuff and scapulohumeral muscle groups during four specified glenohumeralExpand
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Stronger back muscles reduce the incidence of vertebral fractures: a prospective 10 year follow-up of postmenopausal women.
The long-term protective effect of stronger back muscles on the spine was determined in 50 healthy white postmenopausal women, aged 58-75 years, 8 years after they had completed a 2 year randomized,Expand
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