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Novel Genetic Variants of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Anaplasma bovis, Anaplasma centrale, and a Novel Ehrlichia sp. in Wild Deer and Ticks on Two Major Islands in Japan
The results suggest that enzootic cycles of Ehrlichia and Anaplasma species distinct from those found in the United States or Europe have been established in wild deer and ticks in Japan.
Ultrastructure and phylogenetic analysis of 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' in the family Anaplasmataceae, isolated from wild rats and found in Ixodes ovatus ticks.
A novel bacterium that infects laboratory rats was isolated from wild Rattus norvegicus rats in Japan and it was revealed that the organism represents a novel clade in the family Anaplasmataceae, which includes the Schotti variant found in Ixodes ricinus ticks in the Netherlands and the Ehrlichia-like Rattus strain found in R. norveGicus rats from China.
A Guillain-Barré syndrome variant with prominent facial diplegia
To determine the clinical features of a Guillain-Barré syndrome variant with prominent facial diplegia, a retrospectively reviewed approximately 8,600 cases referred to the neuroimmunological laboratory for serological tests during the past seven years to provide important information essential for its diagnosis.
Turnover of FlhD and FlhC, master regulator proteins for Salmonella flagellum biogenesis, by the ATP‐dependent ClpXP protease
The ClpXP protease family functions as a negative regulator for flagellar biogenesis in Salmonella and the cellular concentration of the FlhD2FlhC2 master regulator is tightly controlled at the post‐translational level by the Clp XP protease.
Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha in Gnotobiotic Mice Infected with an Escherichia coli O157:H7 Strain
Inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1α (IL-1α), and IL-6, were detected in the kidney after EHEC infection, but not in the serum, and in the brain, only TNF- α was detected.
Frequent detection of ‘azole’ resistant Candida species among late presenting AIDS patients in northwest Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS patients are orally colonized by single or multiple albicans and non-albicans Candida species that are frequently resistant to azoles and occasionally to amphotericin B, 5-Fluorocytosine and micafungin, which highlight the need for national surveillance for examining Candida epidemiology and resistance to antifungal drugs.
Negative Regulation of Quorum-Sensing Systems in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by ATP-Dependent Lon Protease
- Akiko Takaya, Fumiaki Tabuchi, Hiroko Tsuchiya, E. Isogai, Tomoko Yamamoto
- BiologyJournal of bacteriology
- 11 April 2008
It is demonstrated that Lon protease is involved in the regulation of quorum-sensing (QS) signaling systems in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic human pathogen.
Degradation of the HilC and HilD regulator proteins by ATP‐dependent Lon protease leads to downregulation of Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 gene expression
It is suggested that the regulation of SPI1 expression is negatively controlled through degradation of the HilC and HilD transcriptional regulators by Lon.
Serological Evidence of Coxiella burnetii Infection in Wild Animals in Japan
Six of 11 wild animal species in Japan were exposed to C. burnetii, and they may be a potential source of infection to both domestic animal and human populations.
Antibiograms of faecal Escherichia coli and Enterococci species isolated from pastoralist cattle in the interface areas of the Kafue basin in Zambia - short communication
The results of this study underscore the presence of an animal reservoir of antibiotic resistant microorganisms that have the potential to enter the food chain.