• Publications
  • Influence
An African HIV-1 sequence from 1959 and implications for the origin of the epidemic
TLDR
Multiple phylogenetic analyses not only authenticate this case as the oldest known HIV-1 infection, but also place its viral sequence near the ancestral node of subtypes B and D in the major group, indicating that these HIV- 1 subtypes, and perhaps all major-group viruses, may have evolved from a single introduction into the African population not long before 1959.
The river : a journey back to the source of HIV and AIDS
Examines the possible source of HIV, analyzing a number of theories concerning its origins and investigating current scientific inquiries into HIV, AIDS, and the search for a cure.
Search for the Origin of HIV and AIDS
  • E. Hooper
  • History, Medicine
    Science
  • 18 August 2000
TLDR
Although the Research Article from B. Korber et al. (9 June) acknowledges the possibility that AIDS began through an iatrogenic event involving an oral HIV-1 pandemic strain, the excellent commentary thereon by D. M. Hillis (p. [1757][2]) suggests that this possibility may be wrong.
Sailors and star-bursts, and the arrival of HIV
  • E. Hooper
  • Biology, Medicine
    BMJ
  • 20 December 1997
TLDR
Learning about the origins of a disease may help to control it and also to prevent similar diseases arising in the future and to sensitise research scientists who are transplanting baboon livers in humans to the potentially catastrophic impact of zoonoses.
AIDS in Uganda.
The village of Kasensero in southern Uganda has probably suffered more than any other in Africa and possibly the entire world from the ravages of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Since
The River
Experimental oral polio vaccines and acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
  • E. Hooper
  • Biology, Medicine
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society…
  • 29 June 2001
TLDR
There is a startling coincidence between places in Africa where Dr Hilary Koprowski's CHAT vaccine was fed, and the first appearances in the world of HIV-1 group M and group-M-related AIDS.
Of Chimps and Men
  • E. Hooper
  • History, Medicine
    Science
  • 14 January 2000
TLDR
Although the book suggests that chimpanzee cells were used to prepare certain batches of the OPV (CHAT) that was fed to more than a million Africans in the present-day Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and Burundi between 1957 and 1960, at no point do I specify which researcher, or which laboratory, prepared batches of CHAT in such cells.
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