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Bacterial vaginosis – a microbiological and immunological enigma
This critical review highlights the importance of the interleukin mediators of local inflammatory responses and the bacterial shift from the normally occurring lactobacilli species: L. gasseri, L. jensenii, and L. iners to a mixed flora dominated by anaerobic bacteria.
Characterization and distribution of Pasteurella species recovered from infected humans
During a 3-year period, all Pasteurella strains recovered at the Clinical Microbiological Laboratory, Lund, Sweden, were studied biochemically with respect to their relationship to the recently
Biofilm formation by Propionibacterium acnes is a characteristic of invasive isolates.
The presence of human plasma in solution or at the plastic surface inhibits biofilm formation, which could explain why P. acnes primarily infect plasma-poor environments of, for example, joint prostheses and cerebrospinal shunts.
Bacterial vaginosis and vaginal microorganisms in idiopathic premature labor and association with pregnancy outcome
This study clearly indicates that BV and its associated organisms are correlated with idiopathic premature delivery.
Identification of a novel protein promoting the colonization and survival of Finegoldia magna, a bacterial commensal and opportunistic pathogen
The data demonstrate that FAF plays an important role in colonization and survival of F. magna in the human host.
Protein L, a bacterial immunoglobulin-binding protein and possible virulence determinant
Results suggest that the protein L gene is missing rather than being down regulated in protein L-negative strains of P. magnus, demonstrating that expression of protein L is correlated to peptostreptococcal virulence and indicating that the molecule could be a virulence determinant.
Recovery of Clostridium difficile from children.
The occurrence of Clostridium difficile in faecal specimens of 218 children, aged 2 weeks to 15 years, was studied and no significant difference in the recovery frequency could be demonstrated between children with and without gastroenteritis.
Reservoir of four organisms associated with bacterial vaginosis suggests lack of sexual transmission
  • E. Holst
  • Medicine, Biology
    Journal of clinical microbiology
  • 1 September 1990
The findings suggest that the organisms associated with bacterial vaginosis are not spread sexually but colonize the vagina from an endogenous intestinal tract site, and the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to bacterial vag in a subpopulation of all women are still unknown.
The bacterial flora of the genitourinary tract in healthy fertile men.
The finding that 71% of the strains colonizing the coronal sulcus were present in the urethra indicates that the distal part of the ureys is colonized by a bacterial flora similar to that in the sulcus, which may contaminate semen and prostatic secretion.
Protein shift and antigenic variation in the S-layer of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis during bovine infection accompanied by genomic rearrangement of sapA homologs
Genomic digests of the isolates probed with a 75-mer oligonucleotide of the conserved sapA region indicated that antigenic variation of the S-layer is accompanied by DNA rearrangement.