• Publications
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Closing the efficiency gap: barriers to the efficient use of energy
Abstract Only half of the potential for improving U.S. energy efficiency over the next 20 years is likely to be achieved, given current government policies and programs. This large untapped potentialExpand
Ancillary-service details: Dynamic scheduling
Dynamic scheduling (DS) is the electronic transfer from one control area to another of the time-varying electricity consumption associated with a load or the time-varying electricity productionExpand
Food-Related Energy Requirements
  • E. Hirst
  • Business, Medicine
  • Science
  • 12 April 1974
I have used data from input-output studies to determine the quantities of primary and electric energy consumed in the agricultural, processing, transportation, wholesale and retail trade, andExpand
Costs for electric-power ancillary services
Abstract Ancillary-service costs comprise a substantial share—as much as 25 percent—of total bulk power costs. The cost levels and the great variation in the cost of different services suggests thatExpand
Energy Efficiency Policy and Market Failures
The primary objective in this paper is to focus attention on the empirical basis for skepticism about the effectiveness of the market mechanism in yielding cost-effective energy efficiencyExpand
The Effectiveness of Incentives for Residential Energy Conservation
Studies evaluating incentive programs for residential energy efficiency are examined to assess the roles of the size and type of incentive and of nonfinancial aspects of the programs and to inferExpand
Residential energy conservation actions: analysis of disaggregate data
The Energy Information Administration recently published data they collected from the National Interim Energy Consumption Survey (NIECS). NIECS includes detailed information on 4081 individualExpand
Separating and measuring the regulation and load-following ancillary services
Abstract Together, regulation and load-following address the temporal variations in load (and generation that does not accurately follow control signals). The key distinction between load-followingExpand
Integrating wind output with bulk power operations and wholesale electricity markets
Wind farms have three characteristics that complicate their widespread application as an electricity resource: limited control, unpredictability and variability. Therefore the integration of windExpand