• Publications
  • Influence
Lead users: a source of novel product concepts
  • E. Hippel
  • Business, Computer Science
  • 1 July 1986
How lead users can be systematically identified, and how lead user percepts can be statistically identified, are explored.
Sticky Information and the Locus of Problem Solving: Implications for Innovation
The impact of information stickiness on the locus of innovation-related problem solving is explored and it is found that when sticky information needed by problem solvers is held at one site only, problem solving will be carried out at that locus, other things being equal.
The Sources of Innovation
It has long been assumed that product innovations are typically developed by product manufacturers. Because this assumption deals with the basic matter of who the innovator is, it has inevitably had
Performance Assessment of the Lead User Idea-Generation Process for New Product Development
3M is known for its innovation capabilities-- and it is found that the LU process appears to improve upon those capabilities, and divisions funding LU project ideas are projecting their highest rate of major product line generation in the past 50 years.
Shifting Innovation to Users via Toolkits
This paper explores toolkits for user innovation and explains why and how they work, and experience in fields where the toolkit approach has been pioneered show custom products being developed much more quickly and at a lower cost.
Cooperation between Rivals: Informal Know-How Trading
It has long been recognized that it is difficult for an innovating firm to fully appropriate the benefits arising from its innovations, and that desired research might therefore not be performed
Horizontal Innovation Networks - By and For Users
Innovation development, production, distribution and consumption networks can be built up horizontally—with actors consisting only of innovation users (more precisely, “user/self-manufacturers”).
Innovation by User Communities: Learning From Open-Source Software
The ability of user communities to develop and sustain exceedingly complex products without any manufacturer involvement is remarkable, according to von Hippel, who identifies the conditions that favor user innovation and explores how circumstances evolve.
Open Source Software and the "Private-Collective" Innovation Model: Issues for Organization Science
It is proposed that open source software development is an exemplar of a compound "private-collective" model of innovation that contains elements of both the private investment and the collective action models and can offer society the "best of both worlds" under many conditions.