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Seed Dispersal by Ants in a Deciduous Forest Ecosystem
The myrmecochorous syndrome is a major explanatory factor in the decline in the ability of ants to remove diaspores from ant nests and the dispersal systems used for this removal are poorly understood. Expand
How do plant waxes cause flies to slide? Experimental tests of wax-based trapping mechanisms in three pitfall carnivorous plants.
It is hypothesized that wax interacts with adhesive fluids secreted by the fly pad and thereby prevents the tenent setae of the flies' pulvilli from functioning effectively. Expand
Effects of redispersal of seeds by ants on the vegetation patternin a deciduous forest: A case study
It is suggested that seed flow from F. polyctena nests to the territory borders results in an increase in the seed-dispersal distances from the parent plant and among seeds dispersed in both small- and large-seeded myrmecochores, resulting in a higher likelihood of reaching ‘garbage dumps’. Expand
Composite structure of the crystalline epicuticular wax layer of the slippery zone in the pitchers of the carnivorous plant Nepenthes alata and its effect on insect attachment
SUMMARY The slippery zone situated below the peristome inside pitchers of most carnivorous plants from the genus Nepenthes is covered with a thick layer of epicuticular wax. This slippery zone isExpand
Effects of ant species composition on seed removal in deciduous forest in eastern Europe
It is concluded that ant species composition strongly influences the removal rates of seeds and potentially the fate of seeds of a myrmecochore. Expand
Attachment ability of the beetle Chrysolina fastuosa on various plant surfaces
Four hypotheses, explaining anti‐adhesive properties of plant surfaces, covered with wax crystalloids are proposed, are proposed: a plant surface with glandular trichomes disabled the attachment system of the beetle for a long time, making further attachment impossible. Expand
Scale effects on the attachment pads and friction forces in syrphid flies (Diptera, Syrphidae).
Differences in friction force must be related mainly to variations in the real contact area generated by the pad on the smooth surface, which can be estimated as the summed area of the broadened setal tips of the pad in contact with the surface. Expand
Structure and properties of the glandular surface in the digestive zone of the pitcher in the carnivorous plant Nepenthes ventrata and its role in insect trapping and retention
Gland secretion may decrease attachment ability in insects with smooth adhesive pads but not influence attachment of insects with hairy attachment systems, and high free surface energy of the plant substrate may promote adhesion. Expand
Plant surface–bug interactions: Dicyphus errans stalking along trichomes
It is concluded that hairy plants provide a more suitable environment for D. errans than either smooth ones or those covered with wax crystals, and Bugs performed considerably better on hairy surfaces where a significant positive correlation between the force and both the trichome length and diameter was found. Expand
Contact separation force of the fruit burrs in four plant species adapted to dispersal by mechanical interlocking
The contact separation force of a single structure, a burr, was used to characterise the attaching ability of the interlocking fruits in four plant species, Agrimonia eupatoria, Circaea lutetiana, Galium aparine, and Geum urbanum. Expand