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Type 2 diabetes mellitus, pandemic in 21st century.
TLDR
This chapter shows the threat that the T2DM epidemic represents to mankind, with the astonishing recent discoveries on the role of obesity and of body fat in this metabolic disorder.
Health status of Romanies (Gypsies) in the Slovak Republic and in the neighbouring countries.
TLDR
The aim of this review is to react to the present situation with an analysis of present situation and with presentation of data of the epidemiological investigation on health status, nutrition and lifestyle of Romanies.
Cardiovascular risk factors in young Gypsy population.
TLDR
The greater occurrence of dyslipidemia, obesity and insulin resistance in young Gypsy subjects is influenced with lifestyle (nutrition /prevalence of animal fat consumption, low consumption of food with low glycemic index and soluble fibre/, smoking, low physical activity) as well as low educational status.
Lowered cholesterol catabolism in guinea pigs with chronic ascorbic acid deficiency.
TLDR
The aim of the experiments reported here was to determine whether an increased cholesterol accumulation in the tissues of guinea pigs with an ascorbic acid deficiency is caused by retarded cholesterol catabolism.
Chronic Toxicity of Aluminium in Rats and Mice and its Effects on Phosphorous Metabolism
TLDR
The results suggest that the toxic effects of aluminium salts result both from decreased absorption of phosphorus and from interference with phosphorylation processes in the tissues.
Ascorbic acid in cholesterol metabolism and in detoxification of xenobiotic substances: problem of optimum vitamin C intake.
TLDR
Critical opinions against both the official RDA and the hypothesis of megadoses are summarized.
Cholesterol-lowering effect of the mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus in hereditary hypercholesterolemic rats.
TLDR
The consumption of the mushroom-containing diet prevented serum cholesterol increase which was manifested at the end of the 4th week of the experiment and the cholesterolemia was lowered by almost 40% as compared with control animals kept on the same diet but without the mushroom.
Effect of mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus and isolated fungal polysaccharide on serum and liver lipids in Syrian hamsters with hyperlipoproteinemia.
TLDR
In Syrian hamsters, a diet with 44% of the calories being fat and containing 52 mg cholesterol (C)/100 g induced an accumulation of blood plasma and liver C and triacylglycerol (TG) and the effect of dried whole mushroom and ethanol-insoluble residue and structurally defined fungal polysaccharide on C and TG concentration in serum and liver was studied.
Global prevalence and future of diabetes mellitus.
TLDR
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in various countries according to geographic regions, as designated in an atlas published by the International Diabetes Federation in 2011, can be seen that in all countries the prevalence of DM is on rise.
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