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Alert distance as an alternative measure of bird tolerance to human disturbance: implications for park design
Animal tolerance to human approaches may be used to establish buffers for wildlife that can minimize the probability that animals will be disturbed by human activity. Alert distance (the distanceExpand
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A habitat island approach to conserving birds in urban landscapes: case studies from southern and northern Europe
Wildlife conservation in urban habitats is increasingly important due to current urbanization trends. We review the different approaches to studying birds in urban landscapes, and point out theExpand
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Bird community composition patterns in urban parks of Madrid: The role of age, size and isolation
This study intends to assess the influence of fragment age, size and isolation (from the regional species pool) on bird community composition patterns in urban parks in Madrid, and the role of localExpand
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Avifaunal Use of Wooded Streets in an Urban Landscape
Birds in urban landscapes primarily occupy parks ( forest fragments), wooded streets (linear strips connecting fragments), or the urban matrix. I studied the effects of street location in theExpand
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Microhabitat Selection and Singing Behavior Patterns of Male House Finches ( Carpodacus mexicanus ) in Urban Parks in a Heavily Urbanized Landscape in the Western U . S . *
* Published online December 14, 2005 Abstract We assessed the role of park size, habitat structure, human disturbance (pedestrian rate and ambient noise), and the number of conspecifics in theExpand
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Abstract I assessed the effects of pedestrians on the distribution of forest bird species in wooded parks in the city of Madrid within and between fragments. Within fragments, increasing levels ofExpand
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Wildlife collisions with aircraft: a missing component of land-use planning for airports.
Projecting risks posed to aviation safety by wildlife populations is often overlooked in airport land-use planning. However, the growing dependency on civil aviation for global commerce can requireExpand
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Can human disturbance promote nestedness? A case study with breeding birds in urban habitat fragments
Several factors, singly or in combination, have proven relevant in promoting nestedness in animal communities (area, isolation, habitat structure, etc.); however, little empirical evidence existsExpand
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Spatial and temporal responses of forest birds to human approaches in a protected area and implications for two management strategies
Little is known about the responses of forest birds, other than raptors, to human disturbance despite their being highly sensitive to habitat disruption. We tested five hypotheses about the spatialExpand
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Bird tolerance to human disturbance in urban parks of Madrid (Spain): Management implications
The effects of human disturbance in urban parks of Madrid (Spain) on bird tolerance were studied to derive recommendations for urban park planning. We intended to determine (1) how habitat structureExpand
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