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Inter‐specific variation in avian responses to human disturbance
TLDR
The results suggest that body size could be a potential predictor of responses to human disturbance across species, and could be used by managers to make conservation decisions regarding levels of human visitation to a protected site.
Alert distance as an alternative measure of bird tolerance to human disturbance: implications for park design
Animal tolerance to human approaches may be used to establish buffers for wildlife that can minimize the probability that animals will be disturbed by human activity. Alert distance (the distance
A habitat island approach to conserving birds in urban landscapes: case studies from southern and northern Europe
Wildlife conservation in urban habitats is increasingly important due to current urbanization trends. We review the different approaches to studying birds in urban landscapes, and point out the
Bird community composition patterns in urban parks of Madrid: The role of age, size and isolation
This study intends to assess the influence of fragment age, size and isolation (from the regional species pool) on bird community composition patterns in urban parks in Madrid, and the role of local
The Retinal Wholemount Technique: A Window to Understanding the Brain and Behaviour
TLDR
The present study examines all aspects of the wholemount technique, including enucleation, fixation, retinal extraction, flattening, staining, visualization of labelled cells and stereological mapping of cell density.
Avifaunal Use of Wooded Streets in an Urban Landscape
Abstract: Birds in urban landscapes primarily occupy parks (  forest fragments), wooded streets ( linear strips connecting fragments), or the urban matrix. I studied the effects of street location in
Predator detection and avoidance by starlings under differing scenarios of predation risk
TLDR
Flocks of foraging starlings responded in the same way to an increased perception of predation risk by assessing three factors: (1) neighbor distances, (2) habitat obstruction, and (3) recent exposure to a predator, which demonstrated that different sources of increased risk can generate similar behavioral responses within a species.
Impulsiveness without discounting: the ecological rationality hypothesis
TLDR
It is found that impulsive rules are optimal in a simple foreground–background choice situation in the absence of discounting, and that comparable impulsiveness is not found in binary choice situations even when there is strong discounting.
LOCAL AND REGIONAL EFFECTS OF PEDESTRIANS ON FOREST BIRDS IN A FRAGMENTED LANDSCAPE
TLDR
The short-term behavioral responses to visitors may reduce the suitability of highly disturbed parks in such a way as to decrease breeding densities and the probabilities of fragment occupation and persistence.
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