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Four models of the physician-patient relationship.
Four models of the doctor-patient interaction are outlined, emphasizing the different understandings of the goals of the physicianpatient interaction, the physician's obligations, the role of patient values, and the conception of patient autonomy, which constitute Weberian ideal types. Expand
What makes clinical research ethical?
7 requirements are proposed that systematically elucidate a coherent framework for evaluating the ethics of clinical research studies and are universal, although they must be adapted to the health, economic, cultural, and technological conditions in which clinical research is conducted. Expand
What makes clinical research in developing countries ethical? The benchmarks of ethical research.
This work applies a previously proposed ethical framework for clinical research within developed countries to developing countries explicating a previously implicit requirement for collaboration and proposes specific and practical benchmarks to guide researchers and research-ethics committees in assessing how well the enumerated ethical principles have been fulfilled in particular cases. Expand
Interventions to improve research participants' understanding in informed consent for research: a systematic review.
Having a study team member or a neutral educator spend more time talking one-on-one to study participants appears to be the most effective available way of improving research participants' understanding; however, further research is needed. Expand
The MOOC Phenomenon: Who Takes Massive Open Online Courses and Why?
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) have commanded considerable public attention due to their sudden rise and disruptive potential. But there are no robust, published data that describe who is takingExpand
Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of Covid-19.
Allocating Scarce Medical Resources for Covid-19 The Covid-19 pandemic has already stressed health care systems throughout the world, requiring rationing of medical equipment and care. The authors ...
Attitudes and Practices of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide in the United States, Canada, and Europe.
Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are increasingly being legalized, remain relatively rare, and primarily involve patients with cancer, and existing data do not indicate widespread abuse of these practices. Expand
Are Racial and Ethnic Minorities Less Willing to Participate in Health Research?
These findings, based on the research enrollment decisions of over 70,000 individuals, the vast majority from the US, suggest that racial and ethnic minorities in the US are as willing as non-Hispanic whites to participate in health research. Expand