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Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being.
Human beings can be proactive and engaged or, alternatively, passive and alienated, largely as a function of the social conditions in which they develop and function. Accordingly, research guided byExpand
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  • 2701
The "What" and "Why" of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior
Self-determination theory (SDT) maintains that an understanding of human motivation requires a consideration of innate psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness. We discuss theExpand
  • 16,154
  • 2576
Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior
  • E. Deci, R. Ryan
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • Perspectives in Social Psychology
  • 1985
I: Background.- 1. An Introduction.- 2. Conceptualizations of Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination.- II: Self-Determination Theory.- 3. Cognitive Evaluation Theory: Perceived Causality andExpand
  • 18,625
  • 2010
Self‐determination theory and work motivation
Cognitive evaluation theory, which explains the effects of extrinsic motivators on intrinsic motivation, received some initial attention in the organizational literature. However, the simpleExpand
  • 4,229
  • 510
Handbook of Self-Determination Research
Over the past twenty years, an increasing number of researchers from various universities have been investigating motivational issues underlying the self-regulation of behavior. Using eitherExpand
  • 3,999
  • 474
On happiness and human potentials: a review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being.
  • R. Ryan, E. Deci
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annual review of psychology
  • 1 February 2001
Well-being is a complex construct that concerns optimal experience and functioning. Current research on well-being has been derived from two general perspectives: the hedonic approach, which focusesExpand
  • 5,805
  • 469
Overview of self-determination theory: An organismic-dialectical perspective.
In the classical, Aristotelian, view of human development, people arc assumed to possess an active tendency toward psychological growth and integration. Endowed with an innate stT·h~ng to exerciseExpand
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  • 405
Self-determination theory: A macrotheory of human motivation, development, and health.
Self-determination theory (SDT) is an empirically based theory of human motivation, development, and wellness. The theory focuses on types, rather than just amount, of motivation, paying particularExpand
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  • 362
The general causality orientations scale: Self-determination in personality
Abstract This paper describes the development and validation of a general causality orientations scale. Causality orientations are conceptualized as relatively enduring aspects of people thatExpand
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