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Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being.
Human beings can be proactive and engaged or, alternatively, passive and alienated, largely as a function of the social conditions in which they develop and function. Accordingly, research guided by… Expand
The "What" and "Why" of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior
Self-determination theory (SDT) maintains that an understanding of human motivation requires a consideration of innate psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness. We discuss the… Expand
Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior
I: Background.- 1. An Introduction.- 2. Conceptualizations of Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination.- II: Self-Determination Theory.- 3. Cognitive Evaluation Theory: Perceived Causality and… Expand
Self‐determination theory and work motivation
Cognitive evaluation theory, which explains the effects of extrinsic motivators on intrinsic motivation, received some initial attention in the organizational literature. However, the simple… Expand
Handbook of Self-Determination Research
Over the past twenty years, an increasing number of researchers from various universities have been investigating motivational issues underlying the self-regulation of behavior. Using either… Expand
On happiness and human potentials: a review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being.
Well-being is a complex construct that concerns optimal experience and functioning. Current research on well-being has been derived from two general perspectives: the hedonic approach, which focuses… Expand
Overview of self-determination theory: An organismic-dialectical perspective.
In the classical, Aristotelian, view of human development, people arc assumed to possess an active tendency toward psychological growth and integration. Endowed with an innate stT·h~ng to exercise… Expand
Self-determination theory: A macrotheory of human motivation, development, and health.
Self-determination theory (SDT) is an empirically based theory of human motivation, development, and wellness. The theory focuses on types, rather than just amount, of motivation, paying particular… Expand
Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation
The general causality orientations scale: Self-determination in personality
Abstract This paper describes the development and validation of a general causality orientations scale. Causality orientations are conceptualized as relatively enduring aspects of people that… Expand