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  • Influence
The Ottoman Gulf: The Creation of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar
The Ottoman Gulf: The Creation of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar, by Frederick F. Anscombe. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. xiv + 173 pages. Appends. to p. 182. Notes to p. 242. Gloss. toExpand
The Long Peace: Ottoman Lebanon, 1861-1920
The road to a special regime in Mount Lebanon - geography, the people politics, winds of change, international rivalries and sectarian strife, the new regime Ottoman policy and power relations inExpand
The Tangled Ends of an Empire: Ottoman Encounters with the West and Problems of Westernization—an Overview
ort cities were the main beneficiaries of the rapid growth of maritime trade between Ottoman lands and the industrializing countries of Europe during the nineteenth century. By the turn of theExpand
The Long Peace
In 1973-74, while doing research on late Ottoman history in the Prime Ministry Archives in Istanbul, I was struck by the wealth of documents on Lebanon. At every opportunity since that time, I haveExpand
Economic policy and budgets in Ottoman Turkey, 1876–1909
Budgetary deficits need not always worry a government; in fact, they can even be a positive blessing under certain circumstances.' For the Ottomans, however, chronic budget deficits did constitute anExpand
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