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Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians
A genome-wide scan for selection using ancient DNA is reported, capitalizing on the largest ancient DNA data set yet assembled: 230 West Eurasians who lived between 6500 and 300 bc, including 163 with newly reported data.
The first hominin of Europe
The discovery of a human mandible associated with an assemblage of Mode 1 lithic tools and faunal remains bearing traces of hominin processing in stratigraphic level TE9 at the site of the Sima del Elefante, Atapuerca, Spain emerges as the oldest, most accurately dated record of human occupation in Europe, to the authors' knowledge.
A hominid from the lower Pleistocene of Atapuerca, Spain: possible ancestor to Neandertals and modern humans.
- J. M. Bermúdez de Castro, J. Arsuaga, E. Carbonell, A. Rosas, I. Martínez, M. Mosquera
- 30 May 1997
Human fossil remains recovered from the TD6 level (Aurora stratum) of the lower Pleistocene cave site of Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain, exhibit a unique combination of cranial, mandibular,…
A mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos
An almost complete mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos is determined and it is shown that it is closely related to the lineage leading to mitochondrial genomes of Denisovans, an eastern Eurasian sister group to Neanderthals.
Lower Pleistocene hominids and artifacts from Atapuerca-TD6 (Spain)
- E. Carbonell, J. M. Bermúdez de Castro, Xosé Pedro Rodríguez-Álvarez
- Geography, Environmental ScienceScience
- 11 August 1995
The Gran Dolina hominid fossils cannot be comfortably accommodated in any of the defined Homo species, and could be considered a primitive form of Homo heidelbergensis, but a new species might be named in the future if the sample is enlarged.
Earliest humans in Europe: the age of TD6 Gran Dolina, Atapuerca, Spain.
- C. Falguères, J. Bahain, J. Dolo
- Environmental Science, GeographyJournal of human evolution
- 1 September 1999
New ESR and U-series results on teeth from four levels of the Gran Dolina deposit confirm the palaeomagnetic evidence, and indicate that TD6 (from which the human remains have been recovered) dates to the end of the Early Pleistocene, while results for the other levels are consistent with estimates based mainly on microfaunal evidence.
Luminescence chronology of cave sediments at the Atapuerca paleoanthropological site, Spain.
Nuclear DNA sequences from the Middle Pleistocene Sima de los Huesos hominins
It is indicated that the population divergence between Neanderthals and Denisovans predates 430,000 years ago, and a mitochondrial DNA recovered from one of the specimens shares the previously described relationship to Denisovan mitochondrial DNAs, suggesting, among other possibilities, that the mitochondrial DNA gene pool of Neanderthal turned over later in their history.
Biochronology of Spanish Quaternary small vertebrate faunas