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Amblyopia and binocular vision
- E. Birch
- Medicine, PsychologyProgress in Retinal and Eye Research
- 1 March 2013
Visual Acuity and the Essentiality of Docosahexaenoic Acid and Arachidonic Acid in the Diet of Term Infants
Early dietary intake of preformed DHA and AA appears necessary for optimal development of the brain and eye of the human infant.
A randomized controlled trial of early dietary supply of long‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and mental development in term infants
- E. Birch, Sharon Garfield, D. Hoffman, R. Uauy, D. Birch
- Medicine, PsychologyDevelopmental medicine and child neurology
- 1 March 2000
The effects of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supply during infancy on later cognitive development of healthy term infants were evaluated in a randomized clinical trial of infant formula milk…
Normative reference ranges for the retinal nerve fiber layer, macula, and retinal layer thicknesses in children.
Essential fatty acids in visual and brain development
The main findings are that light sensitivity of retinal rod photoreceptors is significantly reduced in newborns with n−3 fatty acid deficiency, and that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) significantly enhances visual acuity maturation and cognitive functions.
Visual acuity and cognitive outcomes at 4 years of age in a double-blind, randomized trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid-supplemented infant formula.
Circular contour frequency in shape discrimination
Dietary essential fatty acid supply and visual acuity development.
- E. Birch, D. Birch, D. Hoffman, R. Uauy
- MedicineInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
- 1 October 1992
The results suggest that dietary omega-3 fatty acid supply may play an important role in early human visual development.
Stereoacuity at age 3.5 y in children born full-term is associated with prenatal and postnatal dietary factors: a report from a population-based cohort study.
- C. Williams, E. Birch, P. Emmett, K. Northstone
- MedicineThe American journal of clinical nutrition
- 1 February 2001
It is suggested that for full-term infants, breast-feeding is associated with enhanced stereopsis at age 3.5 y, as is a maternal DHA-rich antenatal diet, irrespective of later infant feeding practice.
Effect of Dietary Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Retinal Function of Very-Low-Birth-Weight Neonates
An essential role for ω-3 fatty acids in retinal development is supported by electroretinogram results and the fatty acid composition of plasma and red blood cell (RBC) lipids were similar for all groups on entry but marked dietinduced differences were found after feeding the study diets.