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Population genomics of domestic and wild yeasts
TLDR
Rather than one or two domestication events leading to the extant baker’s yeasts, the population structure of S. cerevisiae consists of a few well-defined, geographically isolated lineages and many different mosaics of these lineages, supporting the idea that human influence provided the opportunity for cross-breeding and production of new combinations of pre-existing variations.
Origin of HIV-1 in the chimpanzee Pan troglodytes troglodytes
TLDR
The genome of a new SIVcpz strain is sequenced and the subspecies identity of all known SIV cpz-infected chimpanzees is determined, by mitochondrial DNA analysis, and it is found that two chimpanzee subspecies in Africa harbour SIVCPz and that their respective viruses form two highly divergent (but subspecies-specific) phylogenetic lineages.
Population genomics of domestic and wild yeasts
TLDR
Rather than one or two domestication events leading to the extant baker's yeasts, the population structure of S. cerevisiae shows a few well defined geographically isolated lineages and many different mosaics of these lineages, supporting the notion that human influence provided the opportunity for outbreeding and production of new combinations of pre-existing variation.
Chimpanzee Reservoirs of Pandemic and Nonpandemic HIV-1
TLDR
By sequence analysis of endemic SIVcpz strains, this work could trace the origins of pandemic and nonpandemic HIV-1 to distinct, geographically isolated chimpanzee communities and establish P. t.
Deciphering Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Transmission and Early Envelope Diversification by Single-Genome Amplification and Sequencing
TLDR
It is shown that HIV-1 env genes, other viral genes, and even full-length viral genomes responsible for productive clinical infection can be identified by SGA analysis of plasma virus sampled at intervals typical in large-scale vaccine trials and that pathways of viral diversification and immune escape can be determined accurately.
Variation in the strength of selected codon usage bias among bacteria
TLDR
A population genetics-based model for quantifying the extent to which selection has been effective in phylogenetically diverse bacterial species is applied, finding the strength of selected codon usage bias, S, is found to vary substantially among species.
Human immunodeficiency viruses: SIV infection in wild gorillas
TLDR
The discovery of HIV-1 group O-like viruses in wild gorillas is reported, and it is reported that the primate reservoir of this virus has not been identified.
Hybrid Origin of SIV in Chimpanzees
TLDR
The ancestry of HIV-1 has been traced to SIVcpz (simian immunodeficiency virus) infecting chim-panzees in west central Africa, but the origin of SIVCPz itself remains unknown.
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