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Interaction of pre-attack and induced monoterpene concentrations in host conifer defense against bark beetle-fungal complexes
Two pine species (Pinus resinosa, P. banksiana) responded to inoculation with fungi carried by bark beetles by rapidly increasing monoterpene concentrations at the entry site. Changes in totalExpand
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BREEDING ELMS FOR RESISTANCE TO DUTCH ELM DISEASE
The use of elms (genus Ulmus) by mankind parallels the settlement and urbanization of Europe and North America (58, 97, 147), and Asia (3, 20, 22, 37, 92, 96, 108, 154). Richens (97) describes inExpand
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Effects of biotic and abiotic stress on induced accumulation of terpenes and phenolics in red pines inoculated with bark beetle-vectored fungus
This study characterized the chemical response of healthy red pine to artificial inoculation with the bark beetle-vectored fungusLeptographium terebrantis. In addition, we sought to determine whetherExpand
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Natural occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins in field samples from the 1992 Wisconsin corn crop.
Analysis of 98 moldy corn samples collected in Wisconsin between November 1992 and January 1993 for Fusarium toxins by various immunochemical assays revealed overall average mycotoxin concentrationsExpand
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Combined chemical defenses against an insect-fungal complex
This study considered how host plant allelochemicals may contribute to defense against insects and fungi that jointly colonize the subcortical tissues of trees, the relative roles of constitutive andExpand
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Toxic effects on trout, rats, and mice of T-2 toxin produced by the fungus Fusarium tricinctum (Cd.) Snyd. et Hans.
Abstract Fusarium tricinctum occurs frequently on corn and other cereals. A metabolite of this fungus, T-2 toxin, 4,15-diacetoxy-8-(3-methylbutyryloxy)-12,13-epoxy-Δ9-trichothecen-3-ol, is acutelyExpand
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Lack of association between cerato-ulmin production and virulence in Ophiostoma novo-ulmi.
Cerato-ulmin (CU), a hydrophobin produced by Ophiostoma novo-ulmi, has been implicated in the pathogenicity of this fungus on elm. We have generated a CU- mutant by transformation-mediated geneExpand
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Effects of maize weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on production of aflatoxin B1 by Aspergillus flavus in stored corn.
Insects play an important role as facilitators of the aflatoxin-producing fungus, Aspergillus flavus Link, in both preharvest and postharvest corn. The current study investigated the role of maizeExpand
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Identification of T-2 toxin in moldy corn associated with a lethal toxicosis in dairy cattle.
Over a 5-month period during the winter of 1970-71, 20% of the lactating Holstein cows in a Wisconsin dairy herd died after prolonged ingestion of a diet containing 60% moldy corn infested withExpand
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