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Neighborhood Interventions to Reduce Violence.
TLDR
A review of studies that use quasi-experimental or experimental designs to compare violence outcomes for treatment and control groups before and after a change is implemented in the built environment suggests some evidence suggests that reducing alcohol availability, improving street connectivity, and providing green housing environments can reduce violent crimes.
Naloxone Availability and Pharmacy Staff Knowledge of Standing Order for Naloxone in Pennsylvania Pharmacies.
TLDR
Multiple barriers to naloxone access exist in pharmacies across a large, diverse state, despite the presence of a standing order to facilitate such access, and limited availability and price of this drug are among these potential barriers.
The impact of the minimum wage on health
TLDR
Results suggest that the minimum wage increases the probability of being obese and decreases daily fruit and vegetable intake, but also decreases days with functional limitations while having no impact on healthcare access.
Frequency and factors associated with foregone and delayed medical care due to COVID-19 among nonelderly US adults from August to December 2020.
TLDR
Overall, the frequency of foregone and delayed medical care remained high from August to December 2020 among nonelderly US adults, highlighting the need for policies to support patients in seeking timely care.
Firearm Violence as a Disease-"Hot People" or "Hot Spots"?
TLDR
It is established that the spread of firearm violence can be understood with parameters that have been used for more than half a century to model thespread of infectious diseases, putting to rest the mistaken idea that epidemiology, medicine, and public health somehow have no place in the prevention of firearm Violence.
Time Is the Wisest Counselor of All: The Value of Provider-Patient Engagement Length in Home Healthcare
TLDR
A cost–benefit analysis suggests that the cost of investing in additional home health capacity is outweighed by the cost savings arising from fewer hospitalizations and heterogeneity in this effect across different patient types and visit types is documented.
Rural Hospital Closures
TLDR
Rural hospital closures led to significant decreases in outpatient and ED utilization while having no effect on health care spending, and close attention must be paid to rural hospital closures to ensure equitable health care access, especially for underserved populations.
The Effects of Home Health Visit Length on Hospital Readmission
TLDR
It is found that home health visits that are longer than usual by one minute reduce the risk of hospital readmission by approximately 8 percent, and these effects seem to be driven by providers with higher levels of discretion in their time management and care provision.
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