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What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2.
Free-air CO(2) enrichment (FACE) experiments allow study of the effects of elevated [CO(2)] on plants and ecosystems grown under natural conditions without enclosure. Data from 120 primary,Expand
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Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide: plants FACE the future.
Atmospheric CO(2) concentration ([CO(2)]) is now higher than it was at any time in the past 26 million years and is expected to nearly double during this century. Terrestrial plants with the C(3)Expand
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The response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to rising [CO2]: mechanisms and environmental interactions.
This review summarizes current understanding of the mechanisms that underlie the response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to elevated carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]), and examines howExpand
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What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO 2 enrichment ( FACE ) ? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis , canopy properties and plant production to rising CO 2
Free-air CO 2 enrichment (FACE) experiments allow study of the effects of elevated [CO 2 ] on plants and ecosystems grown under natural conditions without enclosure. Data from 120 primary,Expand
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Elevated CO2 effects on plant carbon, nitrogen, and water relations: six important lessons from FACE.
Plant responses to the projected future levels of CO(2) were first characterized in short-term experiments lasting days to weeks. However, longer term acclimation responses to elevated CO(2) wereExpand
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Food for Thought: Lower-Than-Expected Crop Yield Stimulation with Rising CO2 Concentrations
Model projections suggest that although increased temperature and decreased soil moisture will act to reduce global crop yields by 2050, the direct fertilization effect of rising carbon dioxideExpand
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How does elevated ozone impact soybean? A meta‐analysis of photosynthesis, growth and yield
Surface ozone concentrations ([O 3 ]) during the growing season in much of the northern temperate zone reach mean peak daily concentrations of 60 p.p.b. Concentrations are predicted to continue toExpand
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The effects of tropospheric ozone on net primary productivity and implications for climate change.
Tropospheric ozone (O(3)) is a global air pollutant that causes billions of dollars in lost plant productivity annually. It is an important anthropogenic greenhouse gas, and as a secondary airExpand
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To what extent do current and projected increases in surface ozone affect photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of trees? A meta-analytic review of the last 3 decades of experiments.
The surface concentration of ozone ([O(3)]) has risen from less than 10 ppb prior to the industrial revolution to a day-time mean concentration of approximately 40 ppb over much of the northernExpand
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A meta-analysis of elevated [CO2] effects on soybean (Glycine max) physiology, growth and yield
The effects of elevated [CO2] on 25 variables describing soyabean physiology, growth and yield are reviewed using meta-analytical techniques. This is the first meta-analysis to our knowledgeExpand
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