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OBJECTIVE To study the efficacy of post-ischemic mild brain hypothermia lasting for different time intervals on cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury. METHOD Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a sham-operated group, normothermia (37-38 degrees C) ischemia group and mild hypothermia (31-32 degrees C) group. The last group was subdivided into four(More)
In order to investigate the neurotoxicity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the dopaminergic neurons of substantia nigra and the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease, LPS was stereotaxically infused into substantia nigra (SN). At different dosages and different time points with 5 microg LPS, the damage of the dopaminergic neurons in SN was observed by using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Plaque morphologic features have been suggested as a complement to luminal narrowing measurements for assessing the risk of stroke associated with carotid atherosclerotic disease, giving rise to the concept of "vulnerable plaque." The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of multidetector-row CT angiography (CTA) to assess(More)
AIM To study the effect of glutamate on the intracellular calcium signal of pure cultured rat astrocytes and the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors in the procedure. METHODS The fluorescence of calcium was measured by Fura-2/AM (F(345)/F(380)). RESULTS L-Glutamate induced(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies exploring roles of p53 and bcl-2 in neuroprotection by hypothermia in focal cerebral ischemia have not provided consistent results. In the present study, we determined whether p53 and bcl-2 are involved in the hypothermia-induced neuroprotection. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: normothermic (37-38 degrees(More)
To study the effect of glutamate on the intracellular calcium signal of pure cultured rat astrocytes and the role of NMDA and AMPA receptors in the procedure, the change of calcium signal was investigated by monitoring the fluctuation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) on the basis of Fura-2 single cell fluorescent ratio (F345/F380). The changes(More)
In order to observe neuronal toxical effect of Levodopa and investigate if using Levodopa together with Ginkgo Bilobar Extract (EGb) would be an workable method to treat Parkinson disease, rat models of Parkinson disease (PD) were made by injecting 6-OHDA stereotaxically to right side of the mesencephic ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra pars(More)
To investigate the effect of magnesium on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) of neurons in cortex during early cerebral ischemic period, a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was established. The results showed that the NOS activity of neurons in cortex was increased significantly at 15 min after MCAO, reached its peak at 30 min after MCAO and(More)
Oxidized glutathione C(60) derivative has been synthesized and characterized in our research. As a novel derivative of C(60), the glutathione C(60) derivative is soluble in dimethylsulfoxide, dimethylformamide and dimethylacetamide. Rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells are treated with hydrogen peroxide and underwent cytotoxicity; apoptotic death is determined(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Parameters other than luminal narrowing are needed to predict the risk of stroke more reliably, particularly in patients with <70% stenosis. The goal of our study was to identify clinical risk factors and CT features of carotid atherosclerotic plaques, in a retrospective cohort of patients free of stroke at baseline, that are(More)