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Dengue virus (DV) contains a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genome, and the 3' non-coding regions (NCRs) have been demonstrated to play crucial roles in viral RNA replication and translation initiation. In this study, we report the presence of a species of small sub-genomic RNA (sgRNA) derived from the 3' NCR in DV-infected cell cultures and animal(More)
Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) has emerged as a significant cause of acute encephalitis and deaths in young children. The clinical manifestations caused by EV71 varied from mild hand, foot and mouth disease to severe neurological complications and deaths, but its pathogenesis remains elusive. Antibody dependent enhancement (ADE) infection has been reported in(More)
The emerging human enterovirus 71 (EV71) represents a growing threat to public health, and no vaccine or specific antiviral is currently available. Human intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is clinical used in treating severe EV71 infections. However, the discovery of antibody dependent enhancement (ADE) of EV71 infection illustrates the complex roles of(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is an etiologic agent of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), and recent HFMD epidemics worldwide have been associated with a severe form of brainstem encephalitis associated with pulmonary edema and high case-fatality rates. EV71 contains a positive-sense single-stranded genome RNA of approximately 7400 bp in length which encodes a(More)
Japanese encephalitis (JE) remains the leading cause of viral encephalitis in the Asia-Pacific region, and the live vaccine SA14-14-2 is currently recommended by WHO and widely used in Asian countries with a good safety and efficacy profile. In this study, we demonstrated that SA14-14-2 failed to produce NS1', the larger NS1-related protein, compared with(More)
cal specifi city. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1952;46:509–20. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/0035-9203(52)90042-4 2. Simpson DI. Zika virus infection in man. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1964;58:335–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0035-9203(64) 90201-9 3. Duffy MR, Chen TH, Hancock WT, Powers AM, Kool JL, Lanciotti RS, et al. Zika virus outbreak on Yap Island,(More)
The development of a safe and efficient dengue vaccine represents a global challenge in public health. Chimeric dengue viruses (DENV) based on an attenuated flavivirus have been well developed as vaccine candidates by using reverse genetics. In this study, based on the full-length infectious cDNA clone of the well-known Japanese encephalitis virus live(More)
To explore the potential application of capsid-targeted viral inactivation (CTVI) strategy in prophylactic model against dengue virus (DV) infection, here we fused a Ca(2+)-dependent nuclease, staphylococcal nuclease (SN), to the capsid protein of dengue 2 virus (D2C) at the carboxyl terminal, and constructed the desired expression plasmid pc/D2C-SN and(More)
IgG and IgM antibodies to dengue virus(DEN) in patient serum sample were detected with an indirect immunofluorescence assay. The patient's serum was inoculated into the culture of C6/36 cells to isolate dengue virus. Viral RNA was extracted from cultured supernatant and RT-PCR amplification and sequencing were carried out. The result showed that there were(More)
Flaviviruses are a group of human pathogenic, enveloped RNA viruses that includes dengue (DENV), yellow fever (YFV), West Nile (WNV), and Japanese encephalitis (JEV) viruses. Cross-reactive antibodies against Flavivirus have been described, but most of them are generally weakly neutralizing. In this study, a novel monoclonal antibody, designated mAb 2A10G6,(More)