Although only a few years old, the combination of a linear ion trap with an Orbitrap analyzer has become one of the standard mass spectrometers to characterize proteins and proteomes. Here we describe a novel version of this instrument family, the Orbitrap Elite, which is improved in three main areas. The ion transfer optics has an ion path that blocks the… (More)
Since its introduction a few years ago, the linear ion trap Orbitrap (LTQ Orbitrap) instrument has become a powerful tool in proteomics research. For high resolution mass spectrometry measurements ions are accumulated in the linear ion trap and passed on to the Orbitrap analyzer. Simultaneously with acquisition of this signal, the major peaks are isolated… (More)
The quadrupole Orbitrap mass spectrometer (Q Exactive) made a powerful proteomics instrument available in a benchtop format. It significantly boosted the number of proteins analyzable per hour and has now evolved into a proteomics analysis workhorse for many laboratories. Here we describe the Q Exactive Plus and Q Exactive HF mass spectrometers, which… (More)
The analysis of intact protein assemblies in native-like states by mass spectrometry offers a wealth of information on their biochemical and biophysical properties. Here we show that the Orbitrap mass analyzer can be used to measure protein assemblies of molecular weights approaching one megadalton with sensitivity down to the detection of single ions.… (More)
Accurate mass analysis can provide useful information on the stoichiometry and composition of protein-based particles, such as virus-like assemblies. For applications in nanotechnology and medicine, such nanoparticles are loaded with foreign cargos, making accurate mass information essential to define the cargo load. Here, we describe modifications to an… (More)
362 On page 167, the list on lines 15–19 (right column): • many systems of various kinds share common software components (for example, simulation of one or other optical phenomenon); • frequent outputs of new versions; • restricted resources and time should move to lines 27–31 (left column).
Testing technologies for software systems of optical simulation and realistic computer graphics developed at the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, are described. The complexity of the products developed (which consist of about 500 software components) and the need to produce a large number of versions (from 50 to 70… (More)