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The objective of this document is to present the consensus opinion of the American Motility Society Clinical GI Motility Testing Task Force on the performance and clinical utility of electrogastrography (EGG). EGG is a non-invasive means of recording human gastric myoelectrical activity or slow waves from cutaneous leads placed over the stomach. In healthy(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Recent studies with neurofilament antibodies as neuronal markers have shown subpopulations of myenteric neurons that do not contain neurofilament proteins. Novel neuronal intermediate filament proteins alpha-internexin, peripherin, and nestin have been identified. The aim of this study was to examine the distribution of these novel(More)
Parkinsonian patients may have symptoms consistent with intestinal pseudo-obstruction, but a primary intestinal abnormality has not been shown. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), after conversion to a toxic metabolite via the monoamine oxidase system, can induce Parkinson's disease by destroying dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra(More)
Evidence is lacking for neurons containing dopamine and acting as a neurotransmitter in the gastrointestinal tract. The relative percentage of dopamine to norepinephrine in noradrenergically innervated tissues (e.g., spleen) is known to be relatively constant within a species, and an increased percentage in any given tissue supports the premise that(More)
Idiopathic neuromuscular disease of the gastrointestinal tract (functional bowel disease) is thought to result from the malfunction of neurons within the enteric nervous system. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs have recently been shown to organize the disordered motility patterns typical in these patients and to produce significant, long-term(More)
It has been reported previously that rat myenteric neurons have neurofilament (NF) immunoreactivity that differs from the brain. Now the result of a study of neurofilaments and intermediate filament immunoreactivity in human colon and ileum using a panel of antibodies and indirect immunofluorescence techniques is reported here. Results with polyclonal(More)
Endothelin is a potent vasoactive peptide. More recently, endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been found in neural tissues such as spinal cord, brain and peripheral ganglion cells. Inagaki (Gastroenterology 101 (1991) 47) reported evidence of ET-1-like immunoreactivity in enteric neurons, but there are no reports of ET-1 peptide or mRNA expression specifically in(More)
We have previously shown that neurofilaments in enteric neurons are immunologically distinct from those found in the central nervous system. In particular, one monoclonal antibody to the medium molecular weight neurofilament subunit, called NN18, stained the perikarya of enteric neurons very weakly, if at all, although other medium molecular weight(More)
Neuropeptide Y is a regulatory peptide found in adrenergic and non-adrenergic neurons. Diabetes, which may cause autonomic neuropathy, induces an increase in hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) levels; thereby we measured the effects of chronic diabetes on neuropeptide Y in the intestine. Rats were injected with streptozotocin (65 mg/kg) and maintained for up(More)
Myenteric plexus neurons appear to have unique features in their expression of cytoskeletal proteins. In particular, neurofilaments have been shown to be present in a subset of neurons, and the medium molecular weight subunit of neurofilament is modified during the first week of development. We utilized cultured myenteric plexus neurons to examine if these(More)