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Antisense transcription in retroviruses has been suggested for both HIV-1 and HTLV-I, although the existence and coding potential of these transcripts remain controversial. Thorough characterization is required to demonstrate the existence of these transcripts and gain insight into their role in retrovirus biology. This report provides the first complete(More)
Although the prognostic value of cytogenetic analysis has previously been demonstrated in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), karyotype had not been included in previously published scoring systems, such as Bournemouth and Sanz's scores. We studied karyotype at diagnosis in 408 cases of de novo MDS (after excluding therapy-related MDS). Karyotypes were(More)
We analyzed the prognostic value of p53 mutations for response to chemotherapy and survival in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Mutations were detected by single-stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of exons 4 to 10 of the P53 gene, and confirmed by direct sequencing. A p53(More)
Human T-cell leukaemia virus type I (HTLV-I) proviral integration sites from an asymptomatic carrier and from the MT4 cell line were analysed by linker-mediated PCR (LMPCR) and inverse PCR (IPCR). LMPCR was more sensitive, allowing detection of a greater number of integrated proviruses. Reconstruction experiments using a cloned integrated HTLV-1 provirus(More)
BACKGROUND Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, shows intrapatient genetic variability. Although HTLV-1 can replicate via the reverse transcription of virion RNA to a double-stranded DNA provirus (the conventional manner for retroviruses), its predominant mode of replication is via the clonal(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-associated myelopathy. Both diseases are usually preceded by a long clinically asymptomatic period. PCR amplification of the HTLV-I proviral integration sites shows that clonal expansion of HTLV-I-bearing T cells, rather than(More)
Telomerase expression is the hallmark of tumor cells in which this ribonucleoprotein complex preserves chromosome integrity by maintaining telomere length and thereby prevents cell death. However, recent data support a role of the combination of p53 and telomerase inactivation in initiating genetic instability that promotes malignant transformation. Through(More)
Most cancers and leukemias are preceded by a prolonged period of clinical latency during which cellular, chromosomal and molecular aberrations help move normal cell towards the malignant phenotype. The problem is that premalignant cells are usually indistinguishable from their normal counterparts, thereby ruling out the possibility to investigate the events(More)
After experimental infection of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected cells, the virus is transcribed only transiently in circulating blood, spleen, and lymph nodes. Stable disappearance of viral expression occurs at 2 to 3 weeks after inoculation. This coincides with the development of the anti-HTLV-1(More)
OBJECTIVE Telomeres are protected by tightly regulated factors and elongated by telomerase. Short and/or deprotected chromosomes are recombinogenic and thereby cancer prone. MATERIALS AND METHODS Together with the quantification of telomerase activity (TA), measuring telomere length (TL) and expression of the genes that govern telomere protection and(More)