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Quantitative data are presented on the orientation and direction specificity of the responses of cells in macaque monkey striate cortex. There is a bimodal distribution of direction-specific and nondirection-specific cells, with similar orientation tuning in each class. Cells range in orientation bandwidth at half amplitude from 6 degrees to 360 degrees(More)
The present study examined the interaction between spatial attention and global/local feature processing of visual hierarchical stimuli. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded from subjects who detected global or local targets at attended locations while ignoring those at unattended locations. Spatial attention produced enhanced occipital P1(More)
Is attentional selection between local and global forms based on spatial frequency? This question was examined by having subjects identify local or global forms of stimuli that had been "contrast balanced," a technique that eliminates low spatial frequencies. Response times (RTs) to global (but not local) forms were slowed for contrast-balanced stimuli,(More)
OBJECTIVE Multichannel compression (MCC) processing can alter the speech spectrum, perhaps reducing spectral contrasts that are important for the discrimination of certain speech sounds. The effect of MCC processing on the discrimination of vowels and voiced stop consonants was studied. DESIGN Vowels and voiced stop consonants were MCC-processed in two(More)
The current study aimed to investigate the effect of attentional selection of distinctive local elements on the processing of hierarchically organized patterns. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded from subjects during identifications of global or local shapes of hierarchical patterns where either all local elements were identical(More)
1. Cells in visual cortex have been alternately considered as bar and edge detectors, or as spatial-frequency filters responding to the two-dimensional Fourier component of patterns. 2. The responses to gratings and to checkerboards allow one to test these alternate models: the Fourier components of a checkerboard pattern do not occur at the same(More)
Can spatial frequency differences between local and global forms account for differences in the way different levels of structure are analyzed? We examined this question by having subjects identify local or global forms of hierarchical stimuli that had been contrast balanced. Contrast balancing eliminates low spatial frequencies, so that both local and(More)
The spatial tuning of macaque lateral geniculate neurones was compared for luminance-based and color-based lines. Lines of various widths were flashed on and centered on the cell's receptive field, and the size of the increase or decrease in firing was noted. Luminance-based lines consisted of 0.7 log unit increments or decrements. Color-based lines(More)
Two experiments investigated the neural mechanisms of Gestalt grouping by recording high-density event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during discrimination tasks. In Experiment 1, stimulus arrays contained luminance-defined local elements that were either evenly spaced or grouped into columns or rows based on either proximity or similarity of shape.(More)