E. W. Pattyn

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PURPOSE Although physical therapy is known to be effective in treating patellofemoral pain (PFP), there is considerable individual variation in the treatment response. It is unclear why some patients benefit from a specific treatment while others do not experience improvement. This study, using a prospective study design, aims to identify factors that could(More)
BACKGROUND Hip muscle weakness has been proposed to contribute to patellofemoral malalignment and the development of the patellofemoral dysfunction syndrome (PFDS). However, from the retrospective studies that have addressed this issue, it is still unclear if hip muscle weakness is a cause or a consequence of PFDS. PURPOSE This study was undertaken to(More)
BACKGROUND ISG15 is an Ubiquitin-like protein, highly induced by Type I Interferons. Upon the cooperative activity of specific Ubiquitinating enzymes, ISG15 can be conjugated to its substrates. Increasing evidence points to a role for protein ISGylation in anti-viral and anti-tumoral defense. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We identified ISG15 from Old World Monkeys(More)
We constructed chimeric receptors wherein the extracellular domain of the erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) was fused to the transmembrane and intracellular domains of the interferon (IFN) type I receptor subunits, IFNaR1 or IFNaR2-2. Transfection into 2fTGH and Tyk2-deficient 11,1 cells showed that EpoR/IFNaR2-2 alone was able to transduce a signal upon(More)
PURPOSE A dysfunction of the quadriceps muscle group has often been suggested to play an important role in the pathophysiology of patellofemoral pain (PFP). However, consensus is lacking regarding the quadriceps recruitment pattern of patients with PFP. The aim of this study was to examine by muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging if patients with PFP(More)
The induced expression of xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (XGPRT) by low concentrations (-2 pg/ml) of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) or IFN-beta, in the 2fTPGH cell line caused a 50% cytotoxicity when these cells were grown in medium containing 6-thioguanine. We extended the application of this sensitive, reliable, and easy bioassay to other(More)
An automated beam transport system is described which improves the operation of an industrial radioisotope production facility by incorporating features which enhance both the reliability of operation and the ease of maintenance in a radiation environment. Attention is given to the theoretical and practical aspects of the optical design, the diagnostic and(More)
BACKGROUND Quadriceps atrophy and in particular atrophy of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) muscle have been frequently related with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), despite very little objective evidence. HYPOTHESIS Patients with PFPS exhibit atrophy of the VMO in comparison with healthy controls. STUDY DESIGN Case-control study; Level of(More)
In contrast to the large number of class I and II cytokine receptors, only four Janus kinase (Jak) proteins are expressed in mammalian cells, implying the shared use of these kinases by many different receptor complexes. Consequently, if receptor numbers exceed the amount of available Jak, cross-interference patterns can be expected. We have engineered two(More)
This study prospectively investigates whether catastrophizing thinking is associated with length of hospital stay after total knee arthroplasty. Forty-three patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty were included in this study. Prior to their operation all patients were asked to complete the pain catastrophizing scale, and a Western Ontario(More)